Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

  • Online ISSN 0976-0741

  • NAAS Rating 4.63

Frequency :
Quarterly (March, June, September & December)
Indexing Services :
AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Reviews, volume 43 issue 4 (december 2022) : 443-449

Characteristics of Indigenous Ducks and Their Production System in Nigeria: A Review

Ogechi Evangeline Kadurumba, Michael Uwaezuoke Iloeje, Uduak Emmanuel Ogundu, Ifeanyi Charles Okoli, Victor Mela Obinna Okoro, Chukwuemeka Kadurumba
1Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Technology, P M B. 1526, Owerri Imo State, Nigeria.
Cite article:- Kadurumba Evangeline Ogechi, Iloeje Uwaezuoke Michael, Ogundu Emmanuel Uduak, Okoli Charles Ifeanyi, Okoro Obinna Mela Victor, Kadurumba Chukwuemeka (2022). Characteristics of Indigenous Ducks and Their Production System in Nigeria: A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 43(4): 443-449. doi: 10.18805/ag.RF-238.
Indigenous ducks are important biodiversity resources and genetic reservoirs needed for mitigating future challenges of food insecurity even though they are highly prejudiced in some parts of Nigeria. They can compare favourably with chickens to produce meat and egg, can adapt to different climatic conditions since raising them does not require elaborate houses. These ducks are known for their high hatching rate that is higher than any other local poultry species and also have the potential to perform better under improved management systems. Average body weight of 2.7 and 1.6 kg have been reported for drakes and females respectively, egg weight of about 50-60 g have equally been reported. Each duck can lay between 60-80 eggs annually under scavenging conditions, while meat from duck is rich in unsaturated fatty acids which are advantageous for human health. Wide variations in phenotypic traits and also high genetic diversity exist among ducks. Thus the findings of this paper suggest that the genetic makeup of these ducks have not been altered through selective breeding therefore, their genetic improvement and conservation is highly essential towards achieving food security.

  1. Adebambo, A.O., Ogah, D.M., Ajibike, A.B., Popoola, M. A., Bello, R.O., Ilori, B. M., Durosaro, S.O. I., Olowofeso, O. (2017). Assessing genetic diversity and phylogeographic structure of duck (Anas platyrhynchos) in Nigeria using mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences. Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology. 33: 106-112.

  2. Ajayi, O.O., Adeleke, M. A., Sanni, M. T., Yakubu, A., Peters, S.O., Imumorin, I.K., Ozoje, M.O., Ikeobi, C.O.N., Adebambo, O.A. (2012). Application of principal component and discriminant analysis to morpho-structural indices of indigenous and exotic chickens raised under intensive management system. Tropical Animal Health Production. 44: 1247-1254.

  3. Banerjee, S. (2013). Morphological traits of duck and geese breeds of West Bengal, India. Animal Genetic Resources. 52: 1-16.

  4. Banga-Mboko, H., Lelou, B., Maes, D., Leroy, P.L. (2007). Indigenous muscovy ducks in Congo Brazzaville. Preliminary observations on indigenous Muscovy ducks reared under moderate inputs in Congolese conditions. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 39: 123-129.

  5. Chia, S.S. and Momoh, O. (2012). Some Physical and Reproductive Characteristics of Muscovy Ducks (Cairina moschata) under Free-range Management System in Two Locations in Benue State of Nigeria. In: Proceedings 37th Annual Conference of Nigerian Society for Animal Production. pp. 20-22.

  6. Dana, N., Van Der Waaij, L.H., Dessie, T., Van Arendonk, J.A.M. (2010). Production objectives and trait preferences of village poultry producers of Ethiopia: Implications for designing breeding schemes utilizing indigenous chicken genetic resources. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 42: 1519-1529.

  7. Duru, S., Akpa, G.N., Sai’du, L., Olugbemi, T.S., Jokthan, G.E. (2006). A preliminary study on duck management under peri-urban system. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 18(3). Accessed December. 7: 2012.

  8. Etuk, F., Ojewole, G.S., Abasiekong, S.F. (2006). Performance of Muscovy ducks under three management systems in South eastern Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science. 5(5): 474-476.

  9. Etuk, I.F., Ojewola, G.S., Akomas, S., Etuk, E.B., Ogbuewu, I.P. (2011). Egg production potentials of Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata) raised under three management systems in the humid tropics. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science. 13: 70-75.

  10. Etuk, I.F., Ojewola, G.S., Abasiekong, S.F., Amaefule, K.U., Etuk, E.B. (2012). Effect of management systems and nutrition on egg quality of Muscovy ducks reared in the tropics. Revista Científica UDO Agrícola. 12(1): 225-228.

  11. FAO. (2009a). Characterization of Domestic Duck Production Systems in Cambodia. Prepared by Dinesh M.T., Geerlings, M.T., Sölkner, J., Thea, S., Thieme, O. Wurzinger, M. AHBL - Promoting Strategies for Prevention and Control of HPAI. Rome.

  12. FAO. (2010). The State of Food and Agriculture. Livestock in the Balance. Rome: 2010: 176.

  13. Gizaw, S., Komen, H., Hanote, O., Van, A.J.A.M., Kemp, S., Haile, A., Mwai, O., Dessie, T. (2011). Characterization and conservation of indigenous sheep genetic resources: A practical framework for developing countries. International Livestock Research Institute, Research Report No 27. Nairobi, Kenya.

  14. Ige, A.O., Adedeji, T.A., Ojedapo, L.O., Adewale, A.O. (2014). Genetic Evaluation of linear body measurement of local Muscovy ducks in the derived savannah Zone of Nigeria. Journal of Animal Science Advances. 4(9): 1045-1050.

  15. Ikani, I.E. (2003). Duck production in Nigeria. Poultry Series No.7. National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Pp: 31.

  16. Ismoyowati, I. and Sumarmono, J. (2019). Duck production for food security. IOP Conf. series Earth and Environmental Science. 372.

  17. John-Alder, H.B., Cox, R.M., Taylor, E.N. (2007). Proximate developmental mediators of sexual dimorphism in size: Case studies from squamate reptiles. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 47: 258-271. doi: 10.1093/icb/icm010.

  18. Kadurumba, O.E., Egenuka, F. C., Ikpamezie, L.C., Kadurumba, C., Onunkwo, D.N. (2019). Evaluation of local duck production systems in Imo and Abia States of Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 46(3):120-130.

  19. Kolluri, G., Ramamurthy, N., Churchil, R.R., Sundaresan, A., Gawdaman, G. (2015). Carcass studies in native ducks reared under different housing systems. Indian Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science Resources. 44(1): 1-11.

  20. Manuel, L.C. (2008). Pictorial Guidance for Phenotypic Characterization of Chickens and Ducks. Food and Agriculture Organization. GCP/RAS/228/GER Working Paper No. 15. Rome.

  21. Mapiye, M., Mwale, J., Mupangwa, F., Chimonyo, M., Foti, R., Mutenje, M.J. (2008). A research review of village chicken production constraints and opportunities in Zimbabwe C. Asian-Australas Journal of Animal Science. 21(11): 1680- 1688.

  22. MIFFAF. (2013). Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry. Primary Statistics of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Sejong, Korea. 2013.

  23. Muzani, A., Brahmantiyo, B., Sumatri, C., Tapyadi, A. (2005). Pendugaanjarak genetic padaitik Cihateup, Cirebon dan Mojosari. Media Peternakan. 28(3): 109-116.

  24. NBS. (2012). Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Collaborative Survey on National Agriculture Sample Survey (NASS), 2010/2011 Draft Report. National Bureau of Statistics.

  25. Nickolova, M. (2004) Study on egg laying characteristics of Muscovy duck (Cairina moshcata) depending on the breeding method. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 5: 359- 365.

  26. Odubote, I.K. (1994). Influence of qualitative trait on the performance of West African dwarf. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 21: 25-28.

  27. Ogah, D.M. and Musa, I.S. (2011). Evaluation of Growth and Egg Production Traits Between First and Second Laying Cycle in Two Ecotypes of Muscovy Duck. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference, Krmiva, June 8-10, 2011, Croatia.

  28. Ogah, D.M. and Kabir, M. (2013). Variability in size and shape in Muscovy duck with age: Principal component Analysis. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 29(3): 493-504.

  29. Ogah, D.M. and Momoh, O.M. (2014). Analysis of genetic diversity of Nigeria indigenous Muscovy duck ecotypes using RAPD Marker. Production Agriculture and Technology. 10(2): 225-232.

  30. Ogah, D.M. and Momoh, O.M. (2013) Village Based Indigenous Muscovy Duck Production In: Humid Savanna Zone of Nigeria. Egyptian  Poultry Science. 33(II): 421-428.

  31. Ogah, D.M., Adebambo, A.O., Ajibike, A.B., Bello, O.R. (2017). Comparative analysis between Nigerian Muscovy duck and selected ducks using mitochondrial DNA d-loop sequences. Nigerian Journal of Genetics. 31: 202-209.

  32. Ogundele, S. (1991). Pattern of  Duck Production in Onipepeye Village. B Agric Project Report. University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria.

  33. Oguntunji, A.O. and Ayorinde, K.L. (2014). Sexual size dimorphism and sex determination by morphometric measurements in locally adapted Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) in Nigeria. Acta 16 agriculturae Slovenica. 104/1.

  34. Oguntunji, A.O., Oladejo, A.O., Ayorinde, K.L. (2015). Seasonal variation in egg production and mortality of Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata). Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 31: (2) 181-192.

  35. Oguntunji, A.O. and Ayorinde, K.L. (2015a).  Phenotypic characterization of the Nigerian Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata). Animal Genetic Resources. 56: 37-45. doi: 10. 1017/ S2078633614000472.

  36. Oguntunji, A.O. and Ayorinde, K.L. (2015b). Duck production in Nigeria: Flock characteristics, management and mortality. Archiva Zootechnoca. 18(1): 27-40.

  37. Okeudo, N.J., Okoli, I.C., Igwe, G.O.F. (2003). Haematological characteristics of ducks (Cairina moschata) of Southeastern Nigeria. Tropicultura. 21: 61-65.

  38. Olayemi, F., Oyewale, J., Rahman, S., Omolewa, O. (2003). Comparative assessment of the white blood cell values, plasma volume and blood volume in young and adult Nigerian duck. Veterinarski Arhiv. 73(5): 271-276.

  39. Ologbose, F. and Dick, S. (2021). Breeds, age and sex effect on haematological and biochemical parameters of ducks in Rivers State, Nigeria. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture. 4(2): 52-57.

  40. Oluyemi, J.A. and Ologbobo, A.D. (1997). The Significance and Management of the Local Duck in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria, Sept. 16-17 Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 96-103.

  41. Pascalonpekelniczky, A., Chauve, C.M., Gauthey, M. (1994). Infection in mallard duck with Eimeria mulardi SP-NOV. Effect on growth and different hematological and biochemical parameters. Veterinary Research. 25(1): 37-50.

  42. Raji, A.O., Igwebuike, J.U., Usman, M.T. (2009). Zoometrical body measurements and their relation with live weight in matured local Muscovy ducks in Borno State, Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 4: 58-62.

  43. Rege, J.E.O. and Lipner, M.E. (1992). African Animal Genetic Resources: Their Characterization, Conservation and Utilization. Proceedings of the Research Planning Workshop of International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp. 172.

  44. Semakula, J., Lusembo, P., Kugonza, D.R., Mutetikka, D., Sennyonjo, J., Mwesigwa, M. (2011). Estimation of live body weight using zoometrical measurements for improved marketing of indigenous chicken in the Lake Victoria basin of Uganda. Livestock Research on Rural Development. 23: 170-176.

  45. Seo, D., Bhuiyan, M.S.H., Sultana, H., Heo, J.M., Lee, J.H. (2016). Genetic diversity analysis of South and East Asian duck populations using highly polymorphic microsatellite markers. Asian-australas Journal of Animal Sciences. 29(4): 471-478.

  46. Sulaiman, M.H., Aduta, D.M., Salami, S.O. (2010). The comparative study of the blood cellular composition in Muscovy duck in Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science. 9: 836-841.

  47. Szasz, S. (2003). Changes in feather development and meat producing capacity of the pekin, mule and muscovy ducks according to the age and sex. Ph. D Dissertation Thesis. University of Kaposvar, Hungary.1-17.

  48. Toth, Z., Kaps, M., Solkner, J., Bodo, I., Curik, I. (2006). Quantitative genetic aspects of coat colour in horses. Journal of Animal Science. 84: 2623-2628.

  49. Wawro, K., Wilkiewicz-Wawro, E., Kleczek, K., Brzozowski, W. (2004). Slaughter value and meat quality of Muscovy and Pekin ducks and their crossbreds and evaluation of heterosis effects. Arch. Tierz. 3: 287-299.

  50. Weigend, S. and Romanov, M.N. (2002). The world watch list of domestic animal in the context of conservation and utilization of poultry biodiversity. World’s Poultry Science Journal. 58(4): 411-430.

  51. Yakubu, A. (2013). Characterization of the local Muscovy duck genetic resource of Nigeria and its potential for egg and meat production. World Poultry Science Journal. 69: 931- 938.

  52. Yakubu, A. (2011). Discriminant analysis of sexual dimorphism in morphological traits of African Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata). Archivos de Zootecnia. 60: 1115-1123.

  53. Yakubu, A., Musa-Azara, I.S., Aya, V.E., Barde, R.E., Abimiku, H.K. (2009). Path analysis of body weight and morphometric traits of Nigerian indigenous Muscovy ducks. Agricultural Science and Technology. 1: 64-70.

  54. Yunusa, A.J., Salako, A.E., Oladejo, O.A. (2013). Morphometric characterization of Nigerian indigenous sheep using multifactorial discriminant analysis. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 5(10): 661-66.

Editorial Board

View all (0)