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Effect of Feeding Hydroponic Horse Gram Sprouts on Growth Performance of Konkan Kanyal Goats
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Methods: In this field experiment, during 2018-2019, at the Instructional Dairy Farm, College of Agriculture, Dapoli, District Ratnagiri (M.S.) India. different levels of hydroponic horse gram sprouts were fed to Konkan kanyal goats and observed their growth performance. Randomized block design was used in this experiment.
Result: The overall chemical composition of hydroponic horse gram sprouts were significantly higher than basal feed. It has provided higher nutrients for better growth performance of Konkan Kanyal goats.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A digestibility cum metabolic trial of 7 days conducted to evaluate the nutritive value as well as nutrient digestibility of experimental diets (ICAR, 1998). A total of 20 goat kids were used for this study. They were placed in an individual metabolic cage with slatted floor made for faecal and urine collection. Experimental diets fed were the same as those used in the growth study. After feeding of 90 days, five days adaptation period followed by seven days collection period was conducted in the metabolic cages with the facilities for quantitative collection of faeces and urine separately.
T1- Basal feed: Finger millet straw (500 gm) + Green Mulato grass (700 gm)+concentrate 200 g.
T2- Basal feed (85%)+hydroponic horse gram sprouts (15%).
T3- Basal feed (70%)+hydroponic horse gram sprouts (30%).
T4- Basal feed (55%)+hydroponic horse gram sprouts (45%).
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The average water intake in the treatments, as depicted in the Table 2 water intake /day/goat (lit) and water intake/kids over the experimental period (lit) is presented in Table 2. The water intake/ day/goat (lit) of treatments was found as 0.65 lit for treatment group T1, 0.56 lit for treatment group T2, 0.55 lit for treatment group T3, 0.57 lit for treatment group T4, respectively. Statistically, the water consumption rate of goats of treatment group T1 was significantly higher than water consumption rate of other treatment group may be due to the incorporation of more dry feeds in their ration and more DMI as compared to the other treatment groups received hydroponic horse gram sprouts. While the average water intake in the treatment group T2, T3, T4 was observed as values was not significantly different from each other. In the present study, average water intake across the treatment groups was generally low may be due the incorporation of hydroponic horse gram sprouts in their diet.
In the present investigation, average daily dry matter intake was observed as depicted in Table 3 to be 614.74 g/day in treatment group T1, 653.21 g/day in treatment group T2, 690.47 g/day in treatment group T3, 742.20 g/day in treatment group T4. Furthermore, daily feed intake of animals showed that, there is good consumption of hydroponic horse gram sprouts and no waste at all. The above findings were higher than the reports of Weldegerima (2015a) in their trial, nutritional benefit and economic value of feeding hydroponically grown maize and barley fodder for Konkan Kanyal goats. The author revealed the intake/100 kg B.W. as 2.91, 3.10, 3.16, 2.76, 2.76 and 3.33 for T0, T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively.
In the present investigation, results on growth performance of experimental goats were found that the initial body weight (kg), final body weight (kg), gain in body weight (kg), gain in body weight (g/day) reported and presented in Table 4.
In the present investigation, as depicted in Table 4 the body weight gain (g/day) for treatment groups T1, T2, T3 and T4 were found as 88.33, 90.89, 91.24 and 103.64 g/day, respectively. Present results supported with the report values by Weldegerima (2015) studied nutritional benefit and economic value of feeding hydroponically grown maize and barley fodder for Konkan Kanyal goats and investigated the daily body weight gain as -1.17, 37.56, 34.74, 61.93, 51.44 and 56.70 g/day for T0, T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively. The gain in body weight showed that the hydroponic horse gram sprouts offered all nutrients required for the proper growth of animal.
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