Agricultural Reviews

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Assessment of Genetic Variability, Heritability and Genetic Advance for Biometrical Traits in Fenugreek

Shyam Singh, I.B. Maurya, Bhuri Singh, A. Kavita, Rahul Chopra
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1Department of Basic Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar-326 023, Rajasthan, India.
Cite article:- Singh Shyam, Maurya I.B., Singh Bhuri, Kavita A., Chopra Rahul (2022). Assessment of Genetic Variability, Heritability and Genetic Advance for Biometrical Traits in Fenugreek. Agricultural Reviews. 43(3): 383-388. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-2302.
Background: Fenugreek is a seed spice crop grown in arid and semi-arid areas of the world. The predominant growing areas are lacking with high yielding varieties and adopting poor crop husbandry. Therefore, the present study was focused on assessing the genetic variability among the diverse genotypes for their biometrical traits. 
Methods: Thirty genotypes of fenugreek were sown in randomized block design with three replications during rabi season 2019-20. 
Result: Presence of wide spectrum of variability among the genotypes for all the biometrical traits under study was evident. High GCV and PCV (>20), heritability in broad sense (>60) coupled with high genetic advance as percentage of mean (>20%) was observed for proline content in leaves (mg/g) at 60 days after sowing (DAS) and physiological maturity, seed yield per plant, number of branches per plant, number of pods per plant, crude protein content and test weight suggesting that these characters are genetically governed by additive gene action and can be improved through selection.

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