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Principles, Positives and Limitations of Conservation Agriculture: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-2166    | Article Id: R-2166 | Page : 410-418
Citation :- Principles, Positives and Limitations of Conservation Agriculture: A Review.Agricultural Reviews.2022.(43):410-418
C. Swaminathan, E. Sobhana, P. Kannan, M. Mohammed Yassin brownrevolution@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Madurai-625 104, Tamil Nadu, India.
Submitted Date : 22-01-2021
Accepted Date : 16-04-2021

Abstract

Lessons learnt from past experiences push for an alternate way of crop production. One such is Conservation agriculture (CA), which can be seen as a new way forward for conserving resources and enhancing productivity to achieve goals of sustainable agriculture. In recent past, progressive and significant efforts are made to develop, refine and disseminate conservation-based agricultural technologies across globe. Tremendous efforts on zero-till practices and surface management with crop residues for crop production were reviewed. This work was done at Department of Agronomy, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Madurai -625 104, Tamil Nadu, India. A systematic cum integrative review of research work done in different parts of World, particularly in India was comprehended. Literature search was done during 2020. About 200 review and research papers were screened from various databases like TNAU e-library, ARCC journals, Google Scholar, Research gate and Scopus and 84 papers were used. This review article comprehensively documents major principles of CA along with extent and spread of CA across the globe. It also highlights CA in Indian perspective. Various merits and demerits were also discussed with literature support. This review paper discusses rising concerns of conventional agriculture systems with regard to its adoption, positives and negatives of conservation agriculture in promoting conservation agriculture in tropics.

Keywords

Conservation agriculture Cover crops Crop rotation Field traffic Minimum tillage Soil cover Sustainability

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