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Measurement and Determinants of Technical Efficiency in Crop Production: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-2144    | Article Id: R-2144 | Page : 77-83
Citation :- Measurement and Determinants of Technical Efficiency in Crop Production: A Review.Agricultural Reviews.2022.(43):77-83
Isha Sharma, M.K. Sekhon eeshasharma.ishu@gmail.com
Address : Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141 004, Punjab, India. 
Submitted Date : 9-12-2020
Accepted Date : 23-03-2021

Abstract

Output is determined by the efficiency with which available technologies are used i.e. with the improvement in technical efficiency. There are extensive numbers of studies focusing on efficiency as a means of fostering agriculture production. The article reviews the literature devoted to technical efficiency analysis in various countries and its applications to agricultural production. The studies reviewed focused particularly on rice and wheat making them the most studied agricultural product by researchers. The review of efficiency analysis shows that agricultural output can be increased without additional inputs with given existing technology. Technical efficiency of agricultural crops like wheat, paddy, cotton etc grown in different countries of the world like India, Pakistan, Ethopia, Srilanka were reviewed and it was found that except for farm size, the variables like farmer education and experience, contacts with extension personnel and access to credit, tend to have a positive and statistically significant impact on technical efficiency.

Keywords

Data envelopment analysis Inefficiency Stochastic frontier analysis Technical efficiency

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