Agricultural Reviews

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Agricultural Reviews, volume 43 issue 2 (june 2022) : 162-169

Conversion of Metabolomic Data to Genomic Marker for Genetic Characterization of Piper betle L. Chemotypes: A Review

Bidisha Mondal
1School of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, The Neotia University, Sarisha-743 368, West Bengal, India.
Cite article:- Mondal Bidisha (2022). Conversion of Metabolomic Data to Genomic Marker for Genetic Characterization of Piper betle L. Chemotypes: A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 43(2): 162-169. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-2118.
The Indian perfumery industry is shifting towards natural product. In India including West Bengal betel leaves produces high quality essential oil as well contribute to Indian fresh vegetable export. The crop is cultivated from stem cutting and suffers from authenticity problem of cultivars with redundant names. The genetic screening and characterization of cultivars were not initiated due to unavailability of reliable markers. The essential oil metabolomic study identified some polar and non-polar volatile signature compounds. Metabolomic profiling of cultivars is not consistent due to seasonal variation in the production of secondary metabolites and ignorance in marking of unique trace discriminatory compounds. In this paper gene ontogeny study was made on major signature compounds to obtain the complete coding sequence (CDS) of the aroma-genes. The CDS information of aroma-genes could be utilized to construct robust DNA markers to eradicate authentication problem and germplasm management of Piper. The direct genomic analysis could supersede the metabolome profiling. Information available in NCBI, DDBJ and EMBL database were searched for gene ontogeny study utilizing available metabolomic data. The information and method depicted could be efficiently utilized for Piper genomics. Aroma-scientists could apply this technique to validate promising cultivars and competent germplasm management.  
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