Plant Bio-regulators for Enhancing Grain Yield and Quality of Legumes: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-2068    | Article Id: R-2068 | Page : 175-182
Citation :- Plant Bio-regulators for Enhancing Grain Yield and Quality of Legumes: A Review.Agricultural Reviews.2021.(42):175-182
Address : Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Booh, Harike-143 412, Tarn Taran, Punjab, India.
Submitted Date : 1-08-2020
Accepted Date : 26-10-2020

Abstract

Plant bio-regulators (PBRs) are hormone-like natural or synthetic compounds that are able to increase the yields, alter growth patterns, nutritional qualities and provide resistance to various kinds of stresses (cold, heat, drought, insect, diseases, salinity) when applied at very low concentration to the plants. PBRs are known to enhance source-sink relationship and help in stimulating the photosyntheates thereby reduce flower drop, helps in fruit and seed development in better way ultimately improving the yield of the crops. Nowadays, abiotic stresses are major factors limiting crop productivity and sustainability throughout the globe. Bio-regulators application on crops induces long-term thermo tolerance (heat and cold) in plants as these can modulate plant responses to stresses at the cellular, tissue or organ level and hence are able to enhance the yield, quality and nutritional aspects of the food and forage legumes in the changing climatic scenario. Application of bio-regulators on crops is farmer friendly, convenient and effective approach for improving the productivity and quality of legume crops. The influence of some of the important plant bioregulators on growth, yield, quality and stress management in important food and forage legume crops are reviewed in this article.

Keywords

Bio-regulators Legumes Quality Stress Management Yield

References

  1. Abou, El.Y.A. (2011). Foliar application of glycinebetaine and chelated calcium improves seed production and quality of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under water stress conditions. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 7: 357-370.
  2. Amanullah, M.M., Sekar, S. and Vincent, S. (2010). Plant growth substances in agriculture- A review. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 9: 915-222.
  3. Bardhan, K., Kumar, V. and Dhimmsar, S.K. (2007). An evaluation of the potentiality of exogenous osmoprotectants mitigating water stress on chickpea. Journal of Agricultural Science. 3: 67-74.
  4. Bora, K.K. and Bohra, S.P. (1989). Effect of ethephon on growth and yield of Glycine max L. Comp. Physiological Ecology. 14: 74-77.
  5. Cowan, A.K. (2009). Plant growth promotion by 18:0-lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine involves senescence delay. Plant Signal Behavior. 4: 324-327.
  6. De Guang, Y., Xiu Ying, S., Tian Hong, Z. and Wen Chu, Y. (2001). Drought resistant effect of exogenous oxygen remover on maize. Beijing Agricultural Sciences. 19: 25-27.
  7. El-Aal M.M.M.A. and Eid, R.S.M. (2017) Optimizing growth, seed yield and quality of soybean (Glycine max L.) plants using growth substances. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture. 6: 1-19. doi: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/36034
  8. El-Fouly, M.M., Sakr, R., Fouad, M.K., Zaher, A.M. and Fawzi, A.F.A. (1988) Effect of GA, CCC and B-9 on morphophysiological characters and yield of kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 160: 94-101.
  9. El-Shraiy, A.M. and Hegazi, A.M. (2009) Effect of acetylsalicylic acid, indole-3-butyric acid and gibberellic acid on plant growth and yield of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 3: 3514-3529.
  10. Farooq, M., Aziz, T., Hussain, M., Rehman, H., Jabran, K. and Khan, M.B. (2008). Glycinebetaine Improves Chilling Tolerance in Hybrid Maize. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 194: 152-160.
  11. Field, R.J., Hill, G.D., Attiya, H.J. and Effendi, H. (1989). Plant growth regulators and grain legumes. Proceedings of Grain Legume Symposium and Workshop, Dec 11-12, 1989. Agronomy Society of New Zealand, Special Publication No. 7. (Eds. Hill, G. D. and Savage, G. P.) P. 51-57.
  12. Garg, B.K., Burman, U. and Kathju, S. (2006). Influence of thiourea on photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism and yield of clusterbean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub], under rainfed conditions of Indian arid zone. Plant Growth Regulation. 48: 237-245.
  13. Govindan, K. and Thirumurugan, V. (2000). Response of green gram to foliar nutrition of potassium. Journal Maharashtra Agriculture University. 25: 302-303.
  14. Ibrahim, U., Auwalu, B.M. and Udom, G.N. (2010) Effect of stage and intensity of defoliation on the performance of vegetable cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.]. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 5: 2446-2451.
  15. Janeczko, A., Dziurka, M., Ostrowska, A., Biesaga-Koscielniak, J. and Koscielniak, J. (2015). Improving vitamin content and nutritional value of legume yield through water and hormonal seed priming. Legume Research. 38: 185-193. doi: 10.5958 /0976-0571.2015.00072.7
  16. Jayaramireddy, P., Narasimharao, K.L. and Subbarao, D.V. (1996). Effect of NAA and KNO3 on dry matter production in pigeon pea. Legume Research. 12: 28-30.
  17. Jeyakumar, P., Velu, G., Rajendran, C., Amutha, R., Savery, M.A.J.R. and Chidambaram, S. (2008). Varied responses of black gram (Vigna radiata) to certain foliar applied chemicals and plant growth regulators. Legume Research. 31: 105-109.
  18. Kannan, K., Prakash, M., Ganesan, J., Kumar, M.S. and Kumar, J.S. (2003). Effect of plant growth regulators on growth, physiology and yield of black gram. Legume Research. 26: 183-187.
  19. Karim, M.F., Fattah, Q.A. and Kraleduzzaman. (2006) Changes in biocomponents of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) sprayed with potassium naphthenate and naphthalene acetic acid. Bangladesh Journal of Botany. 35: 39-43.
  20. Kaur, J., Ram, H., Gill, B.S. and Kaur, J. (2015) Agronomic performance and economic analysis of soybean (Glycine max) in relation to growth regulating substances in Punjab, India. Legume Research. 38: 603-608.
  21. Khan, K. and Mazid, M. (2018) Chickpea responses to application of plant growth regulators, organics and nutrients. Advances in Plants and Agricultural Research. 8(3): 259-273. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2018.08.00326
  22. Khan, N., Bano, A.M.D. and Babar, A. (2020). Impacts of plant growth promoters and plant growth regulators on rainfed agriculture. PLoS ONE. 15(4): e0231426. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231426
  23. Khan, W., Prithviraj, B. and Smith, D.L. (2003). Photosynthetic responses of corn and soybean to foliar application of salicylates. Journal of Plant Physiology. 160: 485-492. 
  24. Khodary, S.E.A. (2004). Effect of salicylic acid on growth, photosynthesis and carbohydrate metabolism in salt stressed maize plant. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 6: 5-8.
  25. Kumar, B. and Sarlach, R.S. (2015) Forage cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seed yield and seed quality response to foliar application of bio-regulators. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology. 8(4): 891-898. doi. 10.5958 /2230-732X.2015.00101.1
  26. Kumar, B. and Sarlach, R.S. (2014) Economic analysis of foliar applied bio-regulators for seed production in forage cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp], cultivars under Punjab conditions. Progressive Research. 9 (1): 12-15.
  27. Kumar, B. and Sarlach, R.S. (2020) Effect of foliar sprays of sulfuric acid and thiourea on herbage and seed yield in berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 54: 35-42. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5227
  28. Kumar, B., Lamba, J.S., Dhaliwal, S.S., Sarlach, R.S. and Ram, H. (2014) Exogenous application of bio-regulators improves grain yield and nutritional quality of forage cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 16: 759-765.
  29. Kumar, B., Singh-Yadvinder., Ram, H. and Sarlach, R.S. (2013). Enhancing seed yield and quality of Egyptian clover (Trifloium alexandrinum L.) with foliar application of bio-regulators. Field Crops Research. 146: 25-30.
  30. Kumar, P., Jyothi, L.N. and Mani, V.P. (2000) Interactive effects of salicylic acid and phytohormones on photosynthesis and grain yield of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill). Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology. 6: 179-186.
  31. Larque-Saavedra, A. (1978). The antitranspirant effect of acetylsalicylic acid on Phaselous vulgaris. Plant Physiology. 43: 126-128.
  32. Mandavia, C., Raval, L., Mandavia, M.K. and Khasiya, V. (2010). Influence of salicylic acid and brassinolide on biochemical composition and yield of chickpea. Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry. 23: 32-35.
  33. Mathur, N., Singh, J., Bohra, S., Bohra, A. and Vyas, A. (2006). Improved productivity of mung bean by application of thiourea under arid conditions. World Journal of Agricultural Science. 2: 185-187.
  34. Meena, V.K., Kaushik, M.K., Kumar, R., Singh, M., Meena, B.L., Meena, B.P., Meena, R.J., Kumar, U. and Kumar, S. (2016). Influence of growth regulators on nutrient concentrations, nutrient uptake and quality parameters of cluster bean varieties. Legume Research. 39: 797-801. doi: 10.18805/    lr.v0iOF.3764
  35. Ngatia, T.M., Shibairo, S.I., Emongor, V.E. and Obukosia, S.D. (2004) Effect of levels and timing of application of gibberellic acid on growth and yield components of common beans. African Crop Science Journal. 12: 123-131.
  36. Olaiya, C.O. (2010). Enzyme activity in bioregulators-treated tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology. 9: 3264-3271.
  37. Olaiya, C.O., Gbadegesin, M.A. and Nwauzoma, A.B. (2013). Bioregulators as tools for plant growth, development, defense and improvement. African Journal of Biotechnology. 12: 4987-4999.
  38. Patil, S.N., Patil, R.B. and Suryawanshi, Y.B. (2005) Effect of foliar application of plant growth regulators and nutrients on seed yield and quality attributes of mung bean [Vigna radiata (L) Wilczek]. Seed Research. 33(2): 142-145.
  39. Purcell, L.C. and King C.A. (1996). Drought and nitrogen source effects on nitrogen nutrition, seed growth and yield in soybean. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 19 (6): 969-993.
  40. Raskin, L. (1992a). Salicylate, a new plant hormone. Plant Physiology. 99: 799-803.
  41. Raskin, L. (1992b). Role of salicylic acid in plants. Annual Review in Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology. 43: 439-463
  42. Resmi, R. and Gopalakrishnan, T.R. (2004). Effect of plant growth regulators on the performance of yard long bean [Vigna unguiculata var. sesquipedalis (L.) Vercourt]. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 42: 55-57.
  43. Sharma, K. and Kaur, S. (2003). Effect of salicylic acid, caffeic acid and light intensity on yield and yield contributing parameters in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merril]. Environment and Ecology. 21: 332-335.
  44. Shukla, K.C., Singh, O.P. and Somaiya, R.K. (1997). Effect of foliar spray of plant growth regulators and nutrient complex in productivity of soybean var. J.S. 79-81. Crop Research. 13: 213-215.
  45. Singh, G. and Kaur, M. (1981). Effect of growth regulators on podding and yield of mungbean [Vigna radiata L. Wilczek]. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 24: 36-370.
  46. Singh, R. P. and Singh, D. (2017). Response of lentil to thiourea application under rain fed conditions of Central India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 6: 2556-2560. doi: 10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.289
  47. Sita, K., Sehgal, A., Hanumantha, R.B, Nair, R.M., Vara Prasad, P.V., Kumar, S., Gaur, P.M., Farooq, M., Siddique, K.H.M., Varshney, R.K. and Nayyar.,H. (2017) Food legumes and rising temperatures: effects, adaptive functional mechanisms specific to reproductive growth stage and strategies to improve heat tolerance. Frontiers in Plant Science. 8: 1658. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01658
  48. Soureche, R., Venguidaragavane. and Kumaravelu, G. (2000) Yield responses of black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] cultivar T-9 to foliar spray of triacontanol. Geobios. 27: 165-168. 
  49. Swarna, Ramesh. (2002). Effect of plant growth regulators, chemicals and nutrients on morpho physiological, biochemical and yield and yield attributes in mothbean [Vigna conitifolia (Jacq.) Marchel]. M.Sc. (Agri) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
  50. Upadhyay, R.G. (1994). Effect of bioregulators on growth, development, flowering behavior and yield of chickpea. Legume Research. 17: 60-62.
  51. Van Pelt, R.S. and Popham, T.W. (2006) Substituted tertiary amine plant bioregulators affect yield and pigment content of Paprika. Journal of Vegetable Science. 12: 63-71.
  52. Wahid, A., Gelani, S., Ashraf, M. and Foolad, M.R. (2007). Heat tolerance in plants: An overview. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 61: 199-223.
  53. Wang, J., Song, L., Gong, X., Xu, J. and Li, M. (2020) Functions of jasmonic acid in plant regulation and response to abiotic stress. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21: 1146 doi: 10.3390/ijms21041446. 
  54. Waqas, M.A., Kaya, C., Riaz, A., Farooq, M., Nawaz, I., Wilkes, A. and Li. Y. (2019) Potential mechanisms of abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants induced by thiourea. Frontiers in Plant Science. 10:1336. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.01336
  55. Zaghlool, S.A.M. (2002). The effect of gibberellic acid (GA3), salicylic acid (SA), spermidine (Spd) and methods of application on growth, yield, some chemical constituents and some phytohormones in mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Science. 10: 493-504.

Global Footprints