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Potential Herbs as Eco-green Drugs for Aquaculture: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-2060    | Article Id: R-2060 | Page : 420-426
Citation :- Potential Herbs as Eco-green Drugs for Aquaculture: A Review.Agricultural Reviews.2021.(42):420-426
S. Bharathi, Cheryl Antony, A. Uma, C. Sudhan, J. Praveenraj, Phibi Philip Naduvathu bharathi1995s@gmail.com
Address : Dr. M.G.R Fisheries College and Research Institute, Ponneri-601 204, Tamil Nadu, India. 
Submitted Date : 14-07-2020
Accepted Date : 12-10-2020

Abstract

Floral resources are abundant across the globe as it forms a key role in an ecological pyramid and enriched with a bunch of medicinal properties. Historical statue reveals various plants and its materials were used for treatments of different ailments and injuries and also used as nutraceuticals in humans and animals and also used for pest control in agriculture. The practice of using plants in aquaculture started in early 1990’s for various purposes by traditional farmers. Of late, due to overuse of fertilizers, antibiotics and other chemicals in aquaculture that created the environmental issues. As an alternative to chemicals and drugs, herbal based products can be used for eco and green aquaculture for safe and healthy fish productions. There are many potential herbal plants that have been identified and used in aquaculture and we focused on a few highly important herbal plants used in aquaculture. The potential herbal plants such as Aloe vera, Phyllanthus niruri, Azardirachta indica, Curcuma longa, Allium sativum, Ocimum sanctum, Zingiber officinale, Eclipta alba, Cissus quadrangularis, Acalypha indica could be used in fish farming. These herbal plants have versatile medicinal and therapeutic properties in fish, antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant and immuno-stimulant. This review article gives information about the application of herbal plants in Aquaculture as a sustainable solution for safe and healthy fish productions.

Keywords

Aquaculture Environment Herbal plants Medicinal properties Sustainability

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