Conjugation of Biofertilizers with Different Sources of Chemical Fertilizers in Wheat: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-2001    | Article Id: R-2001 | Page : 22-31
Citation :- Conjugation of Biofertilizers with Different Sources of Chemical Fertilizers in Wheat: A Review.Agricultural Reviews.2021.(42):22-31
Pankaj Kumar, Sukhdeep Kaur Brar pankaj-agr@pau.edu
Address : Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141 027, Punjab, India.
 
Submitted Date : 6-04-2020
Accepted Date : 4-09-2020

Abstract

Plants nutrients are necessary in increasing production and productivity of crops and healthy food for the world’s ever increasing population. Today, soil management strategies are mainly dependent on inorganic chemical-based fertilizers, which cause a serious threat to human health and the environment. Bio-fertilizer has been identified as an alternative for increasing soil fertility and crop production in sustainable farming. The exploitation of beneficial microbes as bio-fertilizers has become of paramount importance in agricultural sector due to their potential role in food safety and sustainable crop production. Bio-fertilizer can be an important component of integrated nutrients management. Microorganisms that are commonly used as bio-fertilizer components include; nitrogen fixers (N-fixer), potassium and phosphorus solubilizers, growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs), endo and ecto mycorrhizal fungi, cyanobacteria and other useful microscopic organisms. The use of bio-fertilizers leads to improved nutrients and water uptake, plant growth and plant tolerance to abiotic and biotic factors. In wheat, non-symbiotic spp. like Azotobacter and streptomyces may be used as a potential source of plant growth promoter and also can reduce chemical fertilizer up to 25% with compromising yield. Thus, these potential biological fertilizers would play a key role in productivity and sustainability of soil and also in protecting the environment as eco-friendly and cost effective inputs for the farmers. This review will overview the importance of biofertilizers with different sources of chemical fertilizers in wheat.

Keywords

Bio-fertilizers Environment Nutrients Production Productivity

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