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​Effect of Mulching on Crop Production under Rainfed Condition: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-1937    | Article Id: R-1937 | Page : 199-204
Citation :- ​Effect of Mulching on Crop Production under Rainfed Condition: A Review.Agricultural Reviews.2022.(43):199-204
Shilpa, Parveen Sharma, Priyanka Bijalwan shilpavij1212@gmail.com
Address : Department of Vegetable Science and Floriculture, Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur-176 001, Himachal Pradesh, India
Submitted Date : 30-08-2019
Accepted Date : 1-06-2021

Abstract

As the population of India is continuously rising so we have to adopt some means of sustaining our agricultural growth and it can be done through conservation farming. The best way out is the adoption of the age old practice of mulching in our agricultural fields. Mulching is an agricultural and horticultural technique in which the use of organic materials and synthetic materials for the purpose of increasing soil productivity is involved. In rainfed area, judicious use of water is essential for improving crop productivity. Therefore, mulching has been advocated as an effective means for conserving soil moisture. This technique is very useful in protecting the roots of the plants from heat, cold or drought or to keep fruit free from diseases and insect pests. Mulching is an old age technique to conserve soil moisture, checks evaporation, check the weed growth, moderate soil temperature and provide congenial microclimatic conditions for plant growth and development. This technology is a boon for the horticulture crops not only for increasing growth, development, yield but also a method for soil and water conservation. This review paper deals with the various effects of mulching on plants, soil as well as on soil microflora. This technology has brought a great revolution in the agriculture especially for water conservation and proves to be a fastest growing plasticultural technique in the world.

Keywords

​Moisture conservation Microclimate Mulch Organic matter Polyethylene soil productivity

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