Effect of Sulphur Nutrition in Groundnut: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-1916    | Article Id: R-1916 | Page : 132-138
Citation :- Effect of Sulphur Nutrition in Groundnut: A Review.Agricultural Reviews.2020.(41):132-138
R. Ariraman, K. Kalaichelvi kalaiagronomy@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai-625 104, Tamil Nadu, India. 
Submitted Date : 1-07-2019
Accepted Date : 28-05-2020


Suphur plays a vital role in the development of seed and improving oil quality. Groundnut is rich in oils and protein hence sulphur requirement for this crop is substantially high. Sulphur levels from 20 to 70 kg ha-1 were tried in groundnut among which higher level of sulphur @ 60 kg ha-1 has recorded taller plants, higher leaf area index, dry matter production pod number, pod yield and oil quality in groundnut. Gypsum application at 400 kg ha-1 (200 kg as basal and remaining 200 kg ha-1 during earthing up) has increased the pod yield, oil content and oil yield in groundnut.


Groundnut Gypsum Oil yield Pod yield Sulphur


  1. Adhikari, J. D. Samanta and R.C. Samui (2000). Effect of gypsum on growth and yield of confectionery groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) varieties in summer season. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 73(2): 108-9.
  2. Agasimani, C.A., H.B. Babalad and P.L. Patil (1993). Response of groundnut to sulphur and boron. J. Maharashtra Agri. Univ. 18(2): 318-319.
  3. Bagarama, F.M., E. Shenkalwa and Z.P. Matata (2012). The effect of gypsum and NPK fertilizer on groundnut performance in western Tanzania. African J. Agri. Res. 3: 389-394.
  4. Bairagi, M.D., A.A. David, T. Thomas and P.C. Gurjar (2017). Effect of Different Level of N P K and Gypsum on Soil Properties and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) var. Jyoti. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6(6): 984- 991. 
  5. Bandopadhyay, P and R.C. Samui (2000). Response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) cultivars to levels and sources of sulphur in West Bengal. Indian J. Agron. 45(4): 761-764.
  6. Battacharya, B., A. Chakraborty, S. Bandopadhyay and D. Samanta (1997). Effect of sulphur application and different sowing methods on concentration and uptake of S in summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Indian J. Agron. 38(3): 502-503.
  7. Bholanath Saha, Sushanta Saha, Ritam Saha, G.C. Hazra and Biswapati Mandal (2015). Influence of Zn, B and S on the yield and quality of groundnut (Arachis Hypogea L.). Legume Res. 38(6): 832-836.
  8. Chauber, A.K., S.B. Singh and M.K. Kaushik. (2000). Response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) to source and level of sulphur fertilization in mid- western plains of Uttar Pradesh. Indian J. Agron. 45(1): 166-169.
  9. Dash, A.K., B.R. Nayak, N.Panigrahy, S. Mohapatra and P.K. Samant (2013). Performance of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) under different levels of sulphur and irrigation. Indian J. Agron. 58(4):578-582.
  10. Dayanand, N.L. Meena and A.C. Shivran A.C. (2002). Influence of intercrops and sulphur on nutrient uptake and food quality of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Indian J. Agric. Sci. 72(10): 594-596.
  11. Dimree, S., K.N. Dwivedi and Hariram (1993). Effect of sulphur and phosphorus nutrition on yield and yield attributes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Indian J. Agron. 38(2): 327-328. 
  12. Dutta, D. and S.S. Mondal (2006). Response of summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) to moisture stress, organic manure and fertilizer with and without gypsum under lateritic soil of West Bengal. Indian J. Agron. 51(2): 145-148.
  13. Dutta, D., D.D. Mudi, P. Murmu and T.L. Thentu. (2015). Response of groundnut to irrigation schedules, sulphur levels and sources in alluvial zone of west Bengal. Indian J. Agron. 60(3): 443-449.
  14. Dutta, R.R., N.C. Deka and K. Neog. (2000). Effect of different levels of sulphur on groundnut in sandy loam soils of Assam. Geobios. 34(2-3): 121-124.
  15. Gashti, A.H., M. Esfahani, J.Asghari, M.N. Safarzadeh and B. Rabiei (2009). Effect of sulphur application on growth indices and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). J. Sci. Technol. Agril. and Natural Res. 13(48): 27-39.
  16. Giri, U., P. Kundu, A. Chakraborty and P. Bandyopadhyay (2011). Effect of sulphur and different irrigation regimes on groundnut. J. Crop and Weed. 7(2): 80-83
  17. Gunr, S.K., G.S. Mandal, A. Sengupta, R. Nath, A.M. Puste and T. Dey (2012). Effect of sulphur and calcium through appli-    -cation of gypsum on Kharif groundnut in new alluvial zone of west Bengal. Extended Summaries International Agronomy Congress. 3(3): 26-30, New Delhi, India. 
  18. Gupta, A.K. and N.K. Jain (2007). Sulphur response studies in groundnut wheat cropping system under semi –arid tract of Rajasthan. Indian J. Fert. 5(10): 25-27.
  19. Hassan, F., A.S. Hakim, A. Manaf, G. Qadir and S. Ahmad (2007). Response of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to sulphur and seasonal variations. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 9: 499- 503.
  20. Jagadeeswaran, R., V. Murugappan and P. Singaram (2001). Effect of ferrogypsum on yield, nutrient uptake and quality in groundnut. Madras. Agric. J. 88: 210-213.
  21. Jamal, A., I. S. Fazli, S. Ahmad and M.Z. Abdin (2006). Interactive effect of nitrogen and sulphur on yield and quality of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Korean J. Crop Sci. 51(6): 519-522.
  22. Jat, R.A and I.P.S Ahlawat (2009). Effect of farm yard manure, source and level of sulphur on growth attributes, yield, quality and total nutrient uptake in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) intercropping system. Indian J. of Agric. Sci. 79(12): 1016-1019.
  23. Kadam, U.A., V.S. Pawar and H.P. Pardeshi (2000). Influence of planting layouts, organic manure and levels of sulphur on growth and yield of summer groundnut. J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ. 25 (2): 211-213.
  24. Kalaiselvi, P and S. Mahimairaja (2011). Effect of Distillery Spent wash on Yield Attributes and Quality of Groundnut Crop. Middle-East J. Sci. Res. 7(2): 189- 193. 
  25. Kalaiyarasan, C., V. Vaiyapuri and M.V. Sriramachandrasekharan (2003). Effect of sulphur sources and levels on the nutrient uptake, crop quality and sulphur use efficiency in groundnut. Ann. Agric. Res. New Series. 24(3): 478-480.
  26. Kalaiyarasan, C., V. Vaiyapuri, M.V. Sriamachandrasekharan (2007). Effect of sulphur sources and levels on nutrient uptake, crop quality and use in groundnut. J. Int. Academia. 11(1): 55-58. 
  27. Kalaiyarasan, C., V.Vaiyapuri and M.V. Sriramachandrasekharan (2002). Effect of sulphur sources and levels on the growth and yield of groundnut in red laterite soil. Annals Agrl. Res. New Series, 23(4): 618-621.
  28. Kamalakannan, P., M. Ravichandran and M.V. Sriramachandrasekharan (2006). Influence of sulphur on groundnut in typic haplustalf. Nutrient Res. Mgt. 182-185. 
  29. Kannan, P., C. Swaminathan and S. Ponmani (2016). Sulfur nutrition for enhancing rainfed groundnut productivity in typical alfisol of semi-arid regions in India. J. Plant Nut. 40(6): 828-840. 
  30. Kannan, P., C. Swaminathan and S. Ponmani (2016). Sulfur nutrition for enhancing rainfed groundnut productivity in typical alfisol of semi-arid regions in India. J. Plant Nut. 40(6): 828-840. 
  31. Krishna Murthy, R., H.S. Vasudev, D.M. Devagiri, N. Umashankar and H.R. Raveendra (2009). Effect of integrated nutrient management of growth and yield parameters and nutrient uptake of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Mysore J. Agri, Sci. 43(4): 696-699. 
  32. Kumaran, S. (2001). Response of groundnut to organic manure, fertilizer levels, split application of phosphorus and gypsum application under irrigated condition. Res. on Crops. 2(2): 156-158.
  33. Kumpawat, B.S. and S.S. Rathore (1994). Effect of FYM and Sulphur on yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). XIIth National Symposium on Integrated Input Management for Efficient Crop Production. 2-5: 1994. Coimbatore (T.N.): 107.
  34. Longkumer, I.T and T. Gohain (2012). Effect of sulphur and calcium on growth and yield of sesame under rainfed condition of Nagaland. Annals of Plant and Soil Res. 14(1): 58-60.
  35. Maity, S.K., G. Giri and P.S. Deshmukh (2003). Effect of phosphorus, sulphur and planting methods on parameters and total yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and sunflower (Helianthus annus L.). Indian J. Plant Physiol. 8(4): 377-382.
  36. Manaf, A., M.N. Akhtar, M.T. Siddique, M. Iqbal and H. Ahmed (2017). Yield and quality of groundnut genotypes as affected by different sources of sulphur under rainfed conditions. Soil Environ. 36(2): 166-173.
  37. Mandal, S., R.C. Samui and A. Mondal (2005). Growth, yield and yield attributes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars as influenced by gypsum application. Leg. Res. 28 (2): 119-121.
  38. Mupangwa, W.T. and F. Tagwira (2005). Groundnut yield response to single superphosphate, calcitic lime and gypsum on acid granitic sandy soil. Nutrient Cycling Agroecosystems. 73: 161-169. 
  39. Musa, M., A. Singh and A.I. Take-tsaba (2015). Influence of phosphorous sources on the yield and yield components of groundnut varieties in sokoto, semi-arid zone of Nigeria. Int. J. Plant and Soil Sci. 7(3): 186-191.
  40. Nagesh Yadav, S.S. Yadav, Neelam Yadav1, M.R. Yadav, Rakesh Kumar, L.R. Yadav, L.C. Yadav and O.P. Sharma (2017). Growth and productivity of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under varying levels and sources of sulphur in semi-arid conditions of Rajasthan. Legume Res. 3853[1-7]
  41. Naiknaware, M. D., G. R. Pawar and S. B. Murumkar (2015). Effect of varying levels of boron and sulphur on growth, yield and quality of summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). National Acad. Agric. Sci. 33 (2): 471-474.
  42. Najar, G.R., S.R. Singh, F. Akthar and S.A. Hakeem (2011). Influence of sulphur levels on yield, uptake and quality of soybean (Glycine max) under temperate conditions of Kashmir valley. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 81(4): 340-3. 
  43. Naser, A., Anjum, Sarvajeet, S.Gill, Shahid Umar, Igbal Ahmed, Armando C. Duarte and Eduarda Pereira (2013). Improving growth and productivity of Oliferous brassica under changing environment. Significance of nitrogen and sulphur nutrient and underlying mechanisms. The Scientific World Journal. 12.
  44. Noman, H.M. and K.S. Rana (2015). Influence of sulphur and zinc levels and zinc solubilizer on productivity, economics and nutrient uptake in groundnut. Indian J. Agron. 60(2): 301-306.
  45. Pancholi, P. (2014). Efficacy of herbicidal weed control in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) at varying levels of sulphur. M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Sri Karan Narendra Agricultural University, Jobner.
  46. Panda, S.C., S.S. Nanda and R.C. Mishra 1997. Response of winter groundnut (Arachis hypogeal L.) to methods of sowing and sources of sulphur. Indian J. Agron., 42(4): 680- 685.
  47. Patel G.M., B.T. Patel, I.N. Dodia, V.K. Bhatt and Bhatt R.K. (2009). Ef­fect of sources and levels of sulphur on yield, quality and nutrient uptake of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) varities in loamy sand soil. J. of Soils and Crops. 19: 30–35.
  48. Patel, G.N., P.T. Patel and P.H. Patel (2008). Yield, water use efficiency and moisture extraction pattern of summer groundnut as influenced by irrigation schedules, sulphur levels and sources. J. SAT Agril. Res. 6: 1-4.
  49. Patil, C.V., N.A. Yaledahalli and S.S Prakash (2003). Integrated nutrient management for sustainable productivity of groundnut in India. Paper presented at the National Workshop on Groundnut Seed Technology, Raichur.
  50. Patra, A.K., Tripathy, S.K and R.C. Samuni (2002). Response of groundnut varieties to ‘S’ in alluvial soils of West Bengal. Indian J. Agri. 39(2): 137-141. 
  51. Pinki Pancholi, S.S. Yadav and Anshul Gupta (2017). The influence of weed control and sulphur fertilization on oil content and production of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in semi-arid region of Rajasthan. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 6(4): 677-679.
  52. Piri, I., A. Rahimi, A. Tavassoli, F. Rastegaripour and M. Babaeian (2012). Effect of sulphur uptake and forage yield of Brassica juncea condition of different regimes of irrigation. African J. Agric. Res. 7(6): 958-963.
  53. Poonia, B.S., O.P. Singh and H.K. Sumeriya (2008). Response of sulphur, PSB and growth regulators on productivity of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under rainfed conditions. Int. J. Tropicals Agrics. 26: 3-4.
  54. Poonia, B.S., O.P. Singh and H.K. Sumeriya (2013). Response of groundnut (Arachis hyogea) in rainfed conditions under the influence of sulphur, PSB and growth regulator. Annals of Biology. 18(3): 336-338.
  55. Prasad, B. (2003). Effect of direct and residual effects of different sulfur fertilizers on groundnut and wheat cropping system on typichaplaquent. J. Plant Nutrition. 26: 997- 1008.
  56. Premanandarajah, P. and W. Shanika (2017). Selection of organic source as a substitute for phosphorus and sulphur and the best combination of poultry manure and single super phosphate combination in relation to groundnut yield. Int. Ces. 6(5): 851-858. 
  57. Premanantharajah, P. and K. Prapagar (2013). Effect of poultry manure as partial substitute for P and S on the yield and quality of groundnut. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium, Oluvil, Srilanka. pp: 94-98.
  58. Rao, S.S. and M.S. Shaktawat (2005). Effect of organic manure, phosphorus and gypsum on nutrient uptake in groundnut. Agropedology. 15(2): 100-106.
  59. Ruskar Banu, C. Jagruti, Shroff and S.N. Shah (2017). Effect of sources and levels of sulphur and biofertilizer on growth, yield and quality of summer groundnut. Int. J. Agrl. Sci. 13(6): 67-70.
  60. Sabet, H.S. and E. Amiri (2015). Evaluate the yield of peanuts under irrigation and sulphur fertilizer. Biological Forum- An Int. J. 7(1): 617-620.
  61. Sahu, S.K. and B.B. Das (1997). Effect of source, dose, time and mode of sulphur application to groundnut on lateritic soils, Orissa, India. Int. Arachis Newsletter. 17: 62-63
  62. Sahu, S.K., S.C. Nayak, J.K. Dhal and R.K. Nayak (1999). Response to sulphur of rainfed groundnut genotypes on lateritic sandy loam in Orissa, India. Int. Arachis Newsletter. 19: 46-47.
  63. Sahu, S.K., S.C. Nayak, R.K. Nayak and J.K. Dhal (2001). Integrated management of sulphur for groundnut on a lateritic soil in Orissa, India. Int. Arachis Newsletter: 49- 50.
  64. Salke, S.R., A.A. Shaikh and N.D. Dalavi (2011). Effect of phosphatic fertilizers, gypsum and sulphur on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Bioinfolet. 8(3): 276-277.
  65. Sarkar, A.K. and Surendra Singh (2003). Crop response of secondary and micronutrients in acid soils of India. Fertilizer News. 48: 47-54. 
  66. Seran, T.H. (2016). Yield and yield components of Arachis hypogaea L. as influenced by NPK chemical fertilizers, farm yard manure and gypsum. Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res. 51(4): 285-290. 
  67. Shivraj, B. and A. Gowda. 1993. Influence of levels and sources of sulphur on yield and quality of groundnut. Current Research University of Agriculture Sciences Bangalore. 22(3-5): 45-47.
  68. Singh, A.L. and V. Choudhary (1996). Interaction of sulphur with phosphorus and potassium in groundnut nutrition in calcareous soil. Indian J. of Plant Physiology. 1(1): 21-27.
  69. Singh, M.V. (2001). Importance of sulfur in balanced fertilizer use in India. Fertilizer News. 46: 55- 58.
  70. Singh, R.A. (2007). Effect of variable doses of potassium, sulphur and calcium on pod yield of short duration summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Int. J. Agric. Sci. 3(1): 196- 198.
  71. Singh, S., Y. Kumar, O.P. Gill, S. Singh and Y. Kumar (2003). Growth characteristics of summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as influenced by sulphur levels, irrigation schedules and organic manures. Annals of Agric. Res. 19(2): 135- 139.
  72. Singh, Y.P. and J.S. Mann (2007). Interaction effect of sulphur and zinc in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and their availability in Tonk district of Rajasthan. Indian J. Agron. 52(1): 70-    73.
  73. Singh, Y.P., S.C. Sharma and J.S. Maan (2005). Effect of sulphur on yield and its uptake in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and their residual effect on succeeding wheat (Triticum aestivum). Indian J. Agron. 50(2): 116-118.
  74. Sisodiya, R.R., N.B. Babaria, H.P. Patel and R.P. Bambharolia (2016). Sulphur fertilization in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under calcareous soil conditions: Effects on nutrient uptake, content and yield. The Bioscan. 11(4): 2393-2397.
  75. Sisodiya, R.R., N.B. Babaria, T.N. Parmar and K.B. Parmar (2017). Effect of sources and levels of sulphur on yield and micronutrient (Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu) absorption by groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Int. J. Agric. Sci. 9(32): 4465.
  76. Tandon, H.L.S. and D.L. Messick (2002). Practical Sulphur Guide. The Sulphur Institute, washington, D.C.
  77. Tathe, A.S., G.D. Patil and J.M. Khilari (2008). Effects of sulphur and zinc on groundnut in vertisols. Asian J. Soil Sci. 3(1): 178-180.
  78. Tejeswara Rao, K., A. Upendra Rao and D. Sekhar (2013). Effect of sources and levels of sulphur on groundnut. J. Academia and Industrial Res. 2(5): 268-270.
  79. Tiwari, R.C., P.C. Chaplotf and A. Sharma (1994). Effect of irrigation schedules and sulphur levels on summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Legume Res. 17(2): 101-104.
  80. Tripathi, S.B. and C.R. Hazra. (2003). Sulphur requirement of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) under Wheat (Triticum aestivum) based cropping system. Indian J. Agrl. Sci. 73(7): 368-372.
  81. Vagharia, P.M., U.D. Khanpara and R.C. Mathukia (2007). Response of groundnut to in-situ moisture conservation and sulphur nutrition under rainfed condition. Adv. Plant Sci. 20(1): 177-178.
  82. Wali, S.Y., B. Shivaraj and A. Gowda (1994). Response of groundnut genotypes to graded levels of sulphur in Alfisols of southern Karnataka. J. Oilseed Res. 11(2): 282- 284. 
  83. Wenger, K.A. Kayser, S.K. Gupta, G. Furrer and R. Schulin (2002). Comparison of NTA and elemental sulfur as potential soil amendments in Phytoremediation. Soil Sediment Contam. 11: 655-672. 

Global Footprints