Genetic Transformation Methods for Crop Improvement- A Brief Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-1904    | Article Id: R-1904 | Page : 281-288
Citation :- Genetic Transformation Methods for Crop Improvement- A Brief Review.Agricultural Reviews.2019.(40):281-288
C. Kavipriya, A. Yuvaraja, K. Senthil and C. Menaka yugenetics@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai-625 104, Tamil Nadu, India.
Submitted Date : 22-05-2019
Accepted Date : 21-10-2019

Abstract

Decades of documented successful pieces of evidence in agritech have shown us a clear picture of the importance of biotechnology in crop improvement. The production in agriculture should have steady growth and to achieve these objective conventional methods should go on parallel with biotechnological approaches. Genetic engineering which has revolutionized the path of crop improvement involves the identification and transfer of novel genes into the existing elite cultivars. Different methods of transferring the gene into plant cells have been developed and continuous efforts have been made to increase its efficiency. Both direct and indirect method of gene transfer has its own merits and demerits. Efforts have been made continuously to eliminate drawbacks and to develop an easy, elite and eco-friendly method to transfer genes. The transformation method which is a base of genetic engineering is vital and Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer and gene gun have shown to be doing well in recent years. As a whole the methodology involved, merits and demerits of different methods have been briefly discussed.

Keywords

Agrobacterium Gene Gene gun Microinjection Transformation Ultrasound

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