Role of resistant-proteins in plant innate immunity- A review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-1854    | Article Id: R-1854 | Page : 12-20
Citation :- Role of resistant-proteins in plant innate immunity- A review.Agricultural Reviews.2019.(40):12-20
Vedukola Pulla Reddy, Shalini Verma, Deepika Sharma and Ankita Thakur shaleiniverma@gmail.com
Address : Department of Plant Pathology, Dr.Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan-173 230, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 20-12-2018
Accepted Date : 6-03-2019

Abstract

Plants are affected by an extensive range of microbes, such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, viroids, and protozoa. Over the advancement, plants have evolved to defend against pathogens by developing numerous defense mechanisms in the plant cell that respond to chemical and physical barriers, These are present in plants locally or integrally. Plants have an unacquired immunity system to battle against pathogens, such as microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) are recognized through pattern recognition receptors in a primitive immune system which intermediates the defense response. Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) they play a major role in plant innate immune system. They encode host sensors of PRRs, they can able to detect molecules of the pathogens such as macrophages, dendritic cells, neutrophils and epithelial cells containing proteins that are present in plant immune system. In this system, they identify two classes of molecules such as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), which are conjoined with microbe associated molecular patterns (MAMPS), and damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). These are correlated with host cells released during cell damage or cell death, these are evolved before adaptive immunity. These extracellular receptors of Pattern Recognition Receptors were first identified in plants and many plant PRRs have been identified by using genomic analysis (rice and Arabidopsis). There are six classes of R-proteins, playing the major role of plant innate immunity which help to activate a defense mechanism from different microbes. Many of plant R genes encode proteins which are nucleotide-binding site and leucine-rich repeats (NB-LRR) region that contact with pathogen effectors to cause defense responses. Pathogen infection in plants is usually limited by an accomplished defense response activated by resistance genes.

Keywords

DAMPS MAMPS NBS– LRRS Pattern recognition receptors RLKS PAMPS RLPS.

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