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On-farm crop diversity for sustainability and resilience in farming - A review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.v38i03.8978    | Article Id: R-1712 | Page : 191-200
Citation :- On-farm crop diversity for sustainability and resilience in farming - A review.Agricultural Reviews.2017.(38):191-200
B.M. Chittapur Doddabasawa and M.R. Umesh basavarajc7@gmail.com
Address : University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur 584 104, Karnataka, India
Submitted Date : 19-04-2017
Accepted Date : 8-07-2017

Abstract

Modern intensive monocropping system is becoming unproductive, pest ridden, loss incurring, and resource depleting and hence turning out to be untenable. Lack of discrimination in input use by farm managers and overall poor management are accelerating degradation and desertification processes, and loss of biodiversity particularly add in endangered regions.  While, properly designed diverse and strategically located tree/seasonal crop based land use systems can contribute to ecologic services by mitigation land degradation, climate change and desertification, while conserving natural resources and biodiversity. Besides providing, diverse goods and services, on-farm diversity can be considered as an adoptive strategy in areas climatically and biologically vulnerable. Being a potential C sink, tree based land use systems can also mitigate negative impacts of CO2 emission. As green belt/bank these have an important role in maintaining air, water and soil quality in mining and industrial areas. The so-called cellulosic feedstocks can be grown on marginal land, enhance soil fertility by promoting the growth of various soil organisms, and provide a climate- friendly source of energy. There are plenty of underexploited but potential plant species which can find niche in the existing agroecosystems with substantial addition to total production while contributing sufficiently to ecological services. These needs to be identified and useful models are developed for specific situations.

Keywords

Benefits Crop diversity Integrated systems  Problems of monoculture Resilience

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