Organic farming in conserving bio diversity in India-A review
 

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-1709    | Article Id: R-1709 | Page : 316-320
Citation :- Organic farming in conserving bio diversity in India-A review.Agricultural Reviews.2017.(38):316-320

V. Kavitha and K. Chandran

V. Kavitha and K. Chandran kavi_economics@rediffmail.com
Address : Department of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore -641 003, Tamil Nadu, India.
Submitted Date : 12-04-2017
Accepted Date : 12-09-2017

Abstract

The intensification and extension of modern agriculture is amongst the greatest threats to worldwide biodiversity and thereby food security. Promotion of genetic uniformity in the name of agricultural development cannot lead to sustainable agriculture and it has devastating effect on food security of next generation. Monoculture and replacement of traditional varieties by improved or exotic varieties has led to the decline of many traditional varieties in crops such as paddy, wheat, pulses, oil seeds and cotton in India. Thousands of varieties of rice, cotton, minor millets, pulses, and other crops are no longer in use. Besides, to sustain the yield under monocropping system, heavy pesticide applications were given to crops. This in turn affects the soil microbial population and insect diversity and questions the stability and sustainability of Indian agriculture. Sustainable farming systems such as organic farming act as a possible solution to this continued loss of biodiversity. This paper assesses the impacts of organic farming, relative to conventional agriculture on biodiversity, through a review of comparative studies of the two systems.

Keywords

Agriculture commercialization Food security Green revolution Monoculture Sustainable farming.

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