Productive and reproductive perfomances of desi pigs: A review 

DOI: 10.18805/ag.v37i3.3538    | Article Id: R-1612 | Page : 228-233
Citation :- Productive and reproductive perfomances of desi pigs: A review .Agricultural Reviews.2016.(37):228-233

Prasanta Boro*,  B.H.M. Patel,  B.C. Naha,  N.R.Sahoo, G.K.Gaur, Triveni Dutt, Mukesh Singh and Ambadas Madkar

boroprasanta99@gmail.com
Address :

ICAR- Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, India.

Submitted Date : 11-04-2016
Accepted Date : 19-07-2016

Abstract

The assessment of productive and reproductive performances of pig breeds have been done in different countries of the world. However, the same study for indigenous or so called desi pigs in different parts of India is limited. It is now believed that the study of some productive and reproductive traits is most essential to evaluate the potentiality of these indigenous pigs. In India, only limited studies on productive and reproductive traits have been carried out on indigenous pigs that too detailed studies have been done only in three recognised pig breeds namely Ghungroo, Niang-Megha and Agonda Goan. The desi pigs are having very sound reproductive efficiency and medium production potential. These characteristics of desi pigs are very much suitable to the small pig farmers with low input production system for livelihood and sustainable pig farming. These productive and reproductive analyses will be useful in the selection of breeding stock for future parent generation.

Keywords

Desi pig Farming Livelihood Productive Reproductive Sustainable.

References

  1. Basic Animal Husbandry & Fisheries Statistics. (2014). Government Of India, Ministry Of Agriculture, Department Of Animal Husbandry, Dairying And Fisheries Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi.
  2. Bendanganger, V.B., Sharma, V. K., Vidyarthi, N. N., Bora, J., Saharia, S. P. and Sarmah, B.K. (2008). Reproductive traits of indigenous pigs of Nagaland. Indian Veterinary J. 85: 1200-1202.
  3. Borkotoky, D., Perumal, P. and Singh, R. K. (2014). Morphometric attributes of Naga local pigs. Veterinary Research Internation. 2: 08-11.
  4. Bujarbaruah, K. M. Status and strategies for pig production in North East India. Pig systems in Asia and the Pacific: how can research and development enhance benefits to the poor? Proceedings of the regional workshop held 23–24 November, (2006), Bangkok, Thailand.
  5. Chauhan,V.P.S., Deo, S., Chhabra, A. K., Arora, R. L. and Bhat, P. N. (1994). Production and reproduction traits and their inheritance in indigenous pigs. Indian Veterinary J. 71: 452-455.
  6. Cheng, P. (1983). A highly prolific pig breed of China—the Taihu pig. Pig News Informat. 4: 407–425.
  7. Dandapat, A., Dev, C. K. B., Debbarma, C. and Das, M. K. (2010). Phenotypic characterization of Mali pig in Tripura, India. Livestock Research for Rural Developt. 22: 2010.
  8. Dimitrov, S., Bonev, G. and Taseva, H. (2010). Synchronization of estrous in gilts with Altrenogest. Agricultural Science and Techno. 2: 3-5.
  9. Gokuldas, P, P., Tamuli, M. K., Mohan, N. H., Barman, K. and Sahoo, N. R. (2015). A comparative analysis of reproductive performance of different pig breeds under intensive management systems in sub-tropical climate. Indian Journal of Animal Sci. 85: 1042–1045.
  10. Harayama, H., Nanjo, I., Kanda, S., Kato, S. (1991). Testicular development in Chinese Meishan boars. Theriogenology. 36: 637–643.
  11. Hossain, M. E., Chakma, S., Khatun, M. M., Hasanuzzaman, M., Miah, M. Y. and Biswas, M. A. A. (2011). Production systems of swine in the rural areas of Rangamati and Khagrachari districts of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Sci. 40: 28-33.
  12. Ito, H., Kudo, A. and Niwa, T. (1944). Studies on the normal oestrus in swine. Research Bulletin of Imperial Zootechnical Experiment Station. 49: 1–51.
  13. Kamyk, P., Walkiewicz, A., Bajda, Z. and Babicz, M. (2001). Population development and performance level of Puawska pigs in 1995-2001. Annals of Animal Sci. 1 (Supplement): 89-94.
  14. Kato, S. and Harayama, H. (1990). Sexual maturationof Meishan boars. Proceedings Chinese Pig Symposium. Toulouse, France, p. 36.
  15. Khargharia, G., Zaman, G., Laskar, S., Das, B. , Aziz, A. Roychoudhury, R. and Roy, T. C. (2014). Phenotypic characterization and performance studies of Niang-Megha and Doom pigs of North Eastern India. Asian Academic Research Journal of Multidisciplinary. ISSN: 2319-2801.
  16. Kumaresan, A., Bujarbaruah, K.M., Karunakaran, M. Das, A. and Bardoloi, R.K. (2008). Assessment of early sexual maturity in nondescript local pigs of northeast India: Testicular development, spermiogram and in vivo pregnancy. Livestock Sci. 116: 342–347.
  17. Kumaresan, A., Bujarbaruah, K.M., Pathak, K.A., Chhetri, B., , Das, S. K., Das, A. and Ahmed, S.K. (2007). Performance of pigs reared under traditional tribal low input production system and chemical composition of nonconventional tropical plants used as pig feed. Livestock Sci. 107: 294–298. 
  18. Kumaresan, A., Hussain, J., Ahmed, S.K., Pathak, K.A., Das, A and Bujarbaruah, K.M. (2006). Growth performance of Hampshire, Large White Yorkshire and Mizo local pigs under Mizoram field conditions. Indian Journal of Animal Sci. 76: 148–150.
  19. Lemus F., Ulloa A. R., Ramos K. M., F. J. and Alonso R. A. (2003). Genetic analysis of Mexican hairless pig populations. Journal of Animal Sci. 79: 3021-3026.
  20. Lunstra, D.D., Borg, K.E. and Klindt, J. ( 1992). Characterization of pubertal development in the Meishan Chinese boar. Journal of Animal Sci. 70 (suppl 1): 267.
  21. Naskar, S., Das, A., Bujarbaruah, K.M. and Khargharia, G. (2006). Comparison of reproductive traits of different genetic groups of pigs. Indian Veterinary J. 83: 104–105.
  22. Naskar, S., Khan, M. H., Anubrata, D. and Bordoloi, R. K. (2007). Performance of T & D (Tamworth x Desi) crossbred pigs under hilly condition of Meghalaya. Environment and Ecology. 25: 308-311.
  23. Nath, B.G., Pathak, P.K., Ngachan, S.V., Tripathi, A.K. and Mohanty, A.K. (2013) Characterization of smallholder pig production system: productive and reproductive performances of local and crossbred pigs in Sikkim Himalayan region. Tropical Animal Health and Prodn. 45: 1513-8
  24. Prakash, M. G., Ravi, A., Kumari, B. P. and Srinivas, R. D. (2008). Reproductive and Productive Performance of Crossbred Pigs. Indian Journal of Animal Sci. 78: 1291-1297.
  25. Rajiv, J. and Pandey, U. K. (2000). Economics of pig rearing in Haryana. Indian Journal of Animal Sci. 70: 1268-1271.
  26. Ritchil, C.H., Hossain, M.M. and Bhuiyan, A.K.F.H. (2014). Phenotypic and morphological characterization and reproduction attributes of native pigs in Bangladesh. Animal Genetic Resources, FAO of UN doi: 10.1017/    S207863361400006X.
  27. Rohilla, . P. P., Bujarbaruah, K. M., Kumar, M. and Singh, G. (2000). Carcass traits of Large White Yorkshire, Hampshire and Naga local pigs. Indian Journal of Animal Sci. 70(3): 307-308.
  28. Sahoo, N.R., Das, A., Naskar, S., Banik, S., Pan, S. and Tamuli, M.K. (2012). A monograph on Ghungroo pig. A new promise in Indian Piggery. ICAR-NRC pig, Rani
  29. Sahoo, N.R., A., Naskar, S., Banik, S. and Tamuli, M.K. (2012) A monograph on Niang-Megha pig.The nature’s gift for food and fibre. (2012). ICAR-NRC pig, Rani.
  30. Subalini, E., Silva, G. L. L. P. and Demetawewa, C. M. B. (2010). Phenotypic Characterization and Production Performance of Village Pigs in Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research, Volume 21(2): 198 - 208 (2010).
  31. Wang, R.X. (1990). Reproductive characteristics of the Fengjing pigs. Proceedings Chinese Pig Symposium. Toulouse, France, pp. 6–16.
  32. Zaman, G. Chandra Shekar, M., Ferdoci, A.M. and Laskar, S. (2013). Molecular Characterization of Ghungroo pig. Int. J. Anim. Biotechnol., 3: 1- 4.

Global Footprints