Strategies for attaining early puberty in cattle and buffalo: A review

DOI: 10.18805/ar.v37i2.10741    | Article Id: R-1602 | Page : 160-167
Citation :- Strategies for attaining early puberty in cattle and buffalo: A review .Agricultural Reviews.2016.(37):160-167

Shailesh Kumar Gupta*, Pawan Singh, Kuladip Prakash Shinde, Shabir Ahmad Lone1, Narendra Kumar and Anshuman Kumar2

sgshailesh786@gmail.com
Address :

Division of Livestock Production and Management, ICAR-National dairy Research Institute, Karnal- 132001, India.

Submitted Date : 17-03-2016
Accepted Date : 28-05-2016

Abstract

Puberty is a period at which sexually organs are functionally developed and animals become able to release the gametes. A cow maturing at early age will also calve at early age and produces more milk in her life time. Delayed sexual maturity has a profound effect on the economics of dairy farm. The objective of this review is to study factors affecting age at puberty. Many factors like species, genetic potentiality or breed, plane of nutrition, growth, body weight, role of different hormones, health and other managemental conditions are responsible for the growth, puberty and sexual maturity in animals.  Age at puberty can be improve by different practices but the environment improvement and new nutritional practices are more effective. New modern hormonal technologies, proper management, housing, feeding system of the dairy animals can also reduce the age of puberty and sexual maturity.  

Keywords

Biostimulation Energy Growth rate Photoperiod Protein Sexual maturity.

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