Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

  • Online ISSN 0976-0741

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Agricultural Reviews, volume 42 issue 1 (march 2021) : 73-79

Application of FAO-CROPWAT Modelling on Estimation of Irrigation Scheduling for Paddy Cultivation in Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka

A. Narmilan, M. Sugirtharan
1Department of Biosystems Technology, Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka.
Cite article:- Narmilan A., Sugirtharan M. (2020). Application of FAO-CROPWAT Modelling on Estimation of Irrigation Scheduling for Paddy Cultivation in Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka. Agricultural Reviews. 42(1): 73-79. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-152.
Agriculture sector is one of the main sources of income in the North eastern and some of the North western parts of Sri Lanka. Over the past decade, many countries around the world have witnessed a growing scarcity and competition for water among different users. Since Agriculture is the major user of water, improving agricultural water management is essential to any irrigation management approach specially to apply the exact amount of water to the field in order to meet crop water requirement. This study aims to estimate water requirement of rice by using the model CROPWAT. According to the study, effective rainfall was found to be 601mm and 133 mm in Maha and Yala season respectively. Total crop water requirements are 349 mm and 436 mm in Maha and Yala season respectively. Irrigation scheduling carried out by CROPWAT revealed that, the gross irrigation requirement is 473 mm and net irrigation requirement is 331 mm. Net scheme irrigation requirements are 40, 106, 100 and 22 mm per month in May, June, July and August respectively. Further, flow of net scheme irrigation requirements is found to be 0.15, 0.41, 0.37 and 0.08 l/s/ha in May, June, July and August respectively. Therefore, the model for planning of irrigation water requirements of rice is very important for efficient utilization of water and to meet the possible change of climate in agricultural sector.
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