Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

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Agricultural Reviews, volume 36 issue 4 (december 2015) : 287-295

Adaptation and mitigation strategies for dairy cattle: Myths and realities in Indian condition - A review

Sumit Mahajan*, Janailin S. Papang, Shivraj Singh, K.K. Datta
1<p>National Dairy Research Institute(N.D.R.I.),&nbsp;Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.</p>
Cite article:- Mahajan* Sumit, Papang S. Janailin, Singh Shivraj, Datta K.K. (NaN). Adaptation and mitigation strategies for dairy cattle: Myths and realities in Indian condition - A review . Agricultural Reviews. 36(4): 287-295. doi: 10.18805/ag.v36i4.6665.

The anticipated climate change will adversely affect the productivity of livestock directly due to increased heat stress, indirectly it will affect the livestock by causing feed and fodder shortages, reducing biodiversity, water availability and increasing the incidences of vector-borne livestock diseases. On the other hand, the livestock keeping farm households mainly small farm households will be affected directly as they rear livestock for their livelihood. Interestingly, over the years, the livestock keeping households have increased at a tremendous rate for the small and marginal, medium and semi-medium farm household categories as they reduce the risk arising from extreme climate conditions. So, it becomes imperative to adopt adaptation and mitigation strategies to reduce the impact of climate change on livestock given their importance in smallholder farmers’ livelihood in India. Some of researchers in past have recommended certain adaptation and mitigation strategies for reducing the climate change impact on livestock. But, are these adaptation and mitigation strategies applicable or viable in the context of smallholder farmers in India? This remains an unsolved puzzle. This paper tries to demystify certain myths associated with these strategies as well as explore the ground realities. The present policy of indiscriminate crossbreeding of local cattle with exotic cattle should be reviewed and reoriented for smallholder dairy farmer especially, in dry and rainfed regions where there is scarcity of fodder and water which are required heavily by crossbred cattle. The study clearly reflects that the adaptation research should be country specific as the strategies suitable for one country may not be viable for the others as there is considerable difference in local conditions of different countries. 

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