LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION THROUGH EXTENSION EDUCATION- A REVIEW

DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0741.35.1.001    | Article Id: R-1359 | Page : 1-13
Citation :- LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION THROUGH EXTENSION EDUCATION- A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2014.(35):1-13
A. Shyam Singh*, Khajan Singh, Imtiwati and Chandan Kumar asheibamshyam@yahoo.com
Address : Dairy Extension Division, National Dairy Research institute, Karnal - 132 001, India

Abstract

Extension of knowledge, technology and service through extension education to the grass root level is of paramount importance for the growth of the livestock sector. The XI Plan document of Planning Commission has highlighted the importance of livestock extension, while addressing the various issues concerning livestock extension delivery system and it has also been written in the report of the working group on animal husbandry and dairying 12th five year plan (2012-17) submitted to planning commission government of India. Unfortunately, extension education is almost totally absent in animal husbandry, and special efforts need to be made in this area. Both Central and State Government agencies have kept extension education at a low priority as hardly 1% of the total budget for the sector is allocated for extension activities. To cater to the diverse needs of livestock farmers, among others an efficient livestock extension education system is required. This situation was analyzed towards improving the framework of extension education for livestock production.

Keywords

Extension education Livestock production.

References

  1. Adeokun, O.A. and Akinyemi, J.O. (2003). Assessment of Veterinary Extension Services to livestock farmers in Egba Division. Ogun - State, College of Agricultural Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria,<http://www.inasp.info/ajol/journals/ajlex/vol2/july2003.html>
  2. Ahuja, V., George, P.S., Ray, S., McConnell, K., Kurup, M.P.G., Gandhi, V., Deininger, D.U. and Haan, D.C. (2000). Agricultural services and the Poor. Case of Livestock health and breeding services in India, Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad, The World Bank, The Swiss Agency for Development and Co operation.
  3. Anonymous, (2012). Report of the working group on animal husbandry & dairying 12th five year plan (2012-17) submitted to Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi.
  4. Anonymous, (2005). Situation assessment survey of farmers: Access to modern technology for farming, NSS 59th round, January-December 2003. National Sample Survey Organization, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, GOI, June.
  5. Anonymous, (2002). Proceedings of the 21st National Workshop on Planning and Management of Agricultural Extension Training, 22 - 23 January, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Co operation, Directorate of Extension, Krishi Vistar Bhavan, Pusa, New Delhi.
  6. Bajaj, J.L. (1989). Some aspects of Agricultural Extension Experiences in India: Technology Systems for Small Farmers: Issues and Options. pp. 119 - 31. [Kesseba A M. (Ed.)] Westview Press, London.
  7. Bhat, P.N. (2003). Policy Briefing about Livestock sector. Vision 2020 Document. Government of India (GoI), New Delhi.
  8. Bhat, P.N. and Das, N. (2002). Report of the working group on Animal Husbandry and Dairying for the Tenth five-year plan (2002-2007), Government of India (GoI), Planning Commission, January, New Delhi.
  9. Birthal, P.S. and Jha, A. K. (2005). Economic losses due to various constraints in dairy production in India. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 75: 1470 - 75.
  10. Chander,M., Dutt, T., Ravikumar, R.K., and Subrahmanyeswari, B. (2010). Livestock technology transfer service in India: A review. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 80 (11): 1115–25.
  11. Chipeta, S. (2002). The Role of Extension in Rural Development. Proceedings of Workshop on “Extension and Rural Development: A convergence of Views on International Approaches?” November 12 - 15, Washington DC.
  12. Delgado, C., Rosegrant, .M, Steinfeld. H., Ehui, S. and Courbois, C. (1999). Livestock to 2020 - The next food revolution. Food, agriculture and the environment discussion paper 28.IFPRI/ FAO/ILRI.
  13. Duraisamy, P. (1992). Effects of Education and Extension contacts on Agricultural production. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 47: 205 - 14.
  14. Gill, D.S. (1991). Economic returns to expenditure on agricultural extension system. Journal of Extension Systems 7: 44 - 61.
  15. Aonymous, (1998). National Accounts Statistics, CSO, Department of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, New Delhi.
  16. GOI (1997). Basic animal husbandry statistics, DAHD, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi
  17. GOI (Government of India), (2011-12). National Accounts Statistics, CSO, Department of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, New Delhi.
  18. Gandhi, R.S., Singh, A. and Joshi, B.K. (1998). Current scenario and future prospects of sustainable Animal production in India. Indian Dairyman 50: 35 - 43.
  19. Hayward, J.A. (1989). World Bank involvement in Agricultural Extension. Technology Systems for Small Farmers: Issues and Options. pp. 132 - 52. [Kesseba A M., (Ed.)] Westview Press, London.
  20. Kurup, M.P.G. (2003). Livestock in Orissa: The Socio Economic Perspective. Indo Swiss Natural Resource Management (NRM) programme, Manohar Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi.
  21. Lehmann, R., Vishva, R., Ramesh, K. S., Subramanyam, S., Ray, N. and Waelty, S. (1994). Bovine and Dairy Development in Andhra Pradesh. Indo Swiss Project Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad.
  22. Matthewman, R. and Ashley, S. (1996). The Generation, Assembly and Delivery of information on Livestock production: A case study of India. Natural Resources Institute, Overseas Development Administration, UK.
  23. Matthewman, R., Ashley, S. and Morton, J. (1997). The Delivery of information to Livestock farmers in India: A case study. Maximizing the influence of the users’ alternatives to the Training and Visit system - Proceedings of a workshop. April 7 - 11, Tune, Landbuskok, Denmark.
  24. Morton, J. and Matthewman, R. (1996). Improving Livestock Production through Extension; Information needs, Institutions and opportunities. Network paper 12, London, ODI
  25. National Commission on Agriculture (1976). Report of the National Commission on Agriculture. Part VII. Animal Husbandry, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Government. of India, New Delhi.
  26. Pal, S. and Singh, A. (1997). Agricultural Research and Extension in India: Institutional Structure and Investments. Policy Paper 7, National Center for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research, New Delhi.
  27. Patel, A. (2004). Improving milk quality. Survey of Indian Agriculture. The Hindu, Chennai. pp. 107 – 09.
  28. Rao, S.V.N., Rangnekar, D.V., Dey, R., and Van Den Ban A.W. (1995). Farmers’ perception of innovations. Handbook for Straw Feeding Systems. pp.107 - 16. [Singh Kiran and Schierre J B. (Eds)] ICAR, New Delhi.
  29. Rao, S.V.N., Singh, C.B., Kumar, A.M.N. and Gahlot, O.P. (1993). Urea treatment of straw: An Extensionist’s point of view. Feeding of Ruminants on Fibrous Crop Residues. [Kiran Singh and Schiere J B., (Eds)] ICAR, New Delhi and Department. of Tropical Animal Production, Agricultural University, Wageningen, Netherlands. pp. 451 - 460.
  30. Rao, S.V.N., Kherde, R.L. and Tyagi, K.K., (1992). Why delay in farmers’ adoption of dairy technologies. Indian Dairyman 44: 288 - 301.
  31. Rao, S.V.N. and Kherde, R.L. (1985). Dairy development through extension. Indian Dairyman 37: 391 - 96.
  32. Ravikumar, R.K. (2005). ‘Livestock extension activities under the State Departments of Animal Husbandry in India: An institutional analysis.’ Ph.D. thesis, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, pp 146.
  33. Ray, G.L. (2008). Extension Communication and Management. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.Options. [Kesseba A M., (Ed.)] Westview Press, London, pp. 93 - 117.
  34. Sasidhar, P.V.K. and Sharma, V.P. (2006). Cyber livestock outreach services in India: a model framework. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 18, Article #2. < http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd18/1/sasi18002.htm>
  35. Singh, A.K., Jitendra, C., Singh, L., and Burman, R.R. (2009). Future extension education perspective in India. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu. 9(3): 9 - 14.
  36. Sulaiman, V.R. and Hall, A. (2002). Beyond technology dissemination: reinventing agricultural extension. Outlook on Agriculture 31: 225 - 33.
  37. Sulaiman, V.R. and Hall, A. (2002). Beyond Technology Dissemination - Can Indian agricultural extension re-invent itself? Policy Brief. National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research (NCAP), ICAR, New Delhi.
  38. Sulaiman, V.R. and Van Den Ban A.W. (2003). Funding and delivering agricultural extension in India. Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education 10: 21 - 30.
  39. Sen, D. (2003). Extension management in animal resource development for improvement in rural economy - A few issues. Manage Extension Review 4: 113 - 28.
  40. Sen, B. (2002). Address to State secretaries. Proceedings of National Conference of State Secretaries of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.14 - 15th November, New Delhi.
  41. Sen, D. and Venkatadri, S. (1997). Livestock development and poverty alleviation: Participatory action experience in dry lands. Journal of Rural Development 16: 39 - 49.
  42. Van Den Ban A.W. (1997). Successful Agricultural Extension Agencies are learning organizations. Management of Agricultural Extension in Global perspectives. pp. 47 - 77. (Eds).
  43. Venkatadri, S. (2002). Technology adoption in Livestock Sector for poverty alleviation: constraints and prospects. Proceedings of National Seminar on Rural Technology and Poverty Alleviation. January, National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD), Hyderabad.
  44. Rivera, W.M. (1989). An overview of Agricultural Extension systems. Technology Systems for Small Farmers, Issues and

Global Footprints