Combining ability and heterosis for yield and water use efficiency traits in grounndut - A review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.v36i4.6667    | Article Id: R-1297 | Page : 305-312
Citation :- Combining ability and heterosis for yield and water use efficiency traits in grounndut - A review .Agricultural Reviews.2015.(36):305-312

K. John* and P. Raghava Reddy

johnlekhana@rediffmail.com
Address :

Regional Agricultural Research Station, S.V.Agricultural College, Tirupati-517502, India.

Abstract

Hybridization followed by selection in segregating generations is the main mode of varietal development in self-pollinated crops like groundnut.  Before making crosses, it is important to know which of the parents are going to nick well and yield desirable segregants in terms of yield and other desirable attributes aimed at. There are different mating designs to identify the parents to be included in hybridization programmes. One of the widely used and most informative one is diallel mating design.  After identification of parents more suitable to be involved in breeding programme, it is necessary to know the mode of inheritance of the traits to be improved to make wise choice of selection approaches to be followed in segregating generations. Therefore the breeder is constantly needing to determine the potential of additional germplasm as parents, Earlier studies suggest the importance of additive general combining ability (GCA) and non additive (specific combining ability and heterosis) genetic effects in evaluating hybrid performance among parental groundnut lines. The prominent effects on crop plants are reduction in plant growth and changes in various physiological processes. Moisture stress can also adversely influence yield attributes like number of mature pods per plant, 100-pod weight, 100-kernel weight, shelling per cent and harvest index. 

Keywords

Combining ability Groundnut Heterosis Water use efficiency Yield.

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