Black Pepper in Malaysia: An Overview and Future Prospects

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-129    | Article Id: R-129 | Page : 296-302
Citation :- Black Pepper in Malaysia: An Overview and Future Prospects.Agricultural Reviews.2019.(40):296-302
A.H. Izzah and W.Y. Wan Asrina asrina@upm.edu.my
Address : Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus, 97008, Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia.
Submitted Date : 15-06-2019
Accepted Date : 11-10-2019

Abstract

Cultivating black pepper in Malaysia started in early 10th to the 11th century when the South Indian Kings began to extend their empire. The crop was brought to East Malaysia in 1840 by Chinese settlers, actively planted until it was hit by the massive flood, fluctuation of the price and outbreak of foot rot. High yielding cultivars such as Kuching, Semenggok Emas and Semenggok Aman provided promise for better production, but resulted in increased soil degradation and reduced crop growth in Sarawak. The paper aims to discuss the black pepper industry in Sarawak and present scenario of its cultivation including future prospects. Cultivating on hilly topography with coarse textured dominant soil becomes one of the limiting factors. This factor is observed due to high rainfall intensity and steeper slopes. Neglected soil conservation also affects crop production and lead to a lower return on investments. Technologies such as land conservation and practising precision agriculture need to be adopted to reduce the impact of soil degradation and better production.

Keywords

Black pepper Sarawak Topography Cultivars Erosion

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