MOLECULAR MARKERS IN GRASSPEA BREEDING - A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC916 | Page : 304 - 309
Citation :- MOLECULAR MARKERS IN GRASSPEA BREEDING - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2011.(32):304 - 309
P.S. Shanmugavadivel, M. Vignesh and E. Kokiladevi* cmkokila@yahoo.com
Address : Indian Agricultural Research Institute, PUSA, New Delhi, India - 110012.

Abstract

The advantages of various molecular markers techniques and the ability to transfer genes across different organisms, using transgene technology has begun to have an impact on plant genome research and breeding. These techniques offer new approaches for improving important agronomic traits in Lathyrus and breaking down gene transfer barriers to related legume species. Molecular markers are used in plant genome studies to assess genetic diversity, determining the desired plants genotype at cultivar level, construction of genetic maps, as a specific probe for screening of traits in breeding programs, tagging genetic traits and genome mapping, to predict hybrid performance and hybrid identity, and marker assisted selection. The use of molecular markers accelerate the generation of new varieties by three plant generation by allowing the selection of offspring which have desired combinations of genetic character. It also allows the association of phenotypic characters with the corresponding genomic loci.

Keywords

Grasspea Diversity analysis Genomics

References

  1. Badr A, Shazly HE, Rabey HE and Watson LE. (2002). Systematic relationships in Lathyrus sect. Lathyrus (Fabaceae) based on amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) data. Canadian Journal of Botany 80: 962-969.
  2. Durga P, Barik AL, Mukherjee AK and Chand PK. (2007). Analysis of genetic diversity among selected grasspea (Lathyrus sativus) genotypes using RAPD markers. Naturforsch 62: 869-874.
  3. Belaid Y, Ghorbel NC, Marrakchi M and Trifi-Farah N. (2006). Genetic diversity within and between populations of Lathyrus genus (Fabaceae) revealed by ISSR markers. Genetic Resources, Crop Evolution 53: 1413-1418.
  4. Cannon SB, Sterck L, Rombauts S, Sato S, Cheung F, Gouzy J, Wang X, Mudge J, Vasdewani J, Schiex T, Spannagl M, Monaghan E, Nicholson C, Humphray SJ, Schoof H, Mayer KFX, Rogers J, Quetier F, Oldroyd GE, Debelle F, Cook DR, Retzel EF, Roe BA, Town CD, Tabata S, de Peer YV and Young ND. (2006). Legume genome evolution viewed through the Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus genomes. Proc Nat Acad of Sci USA 103: 14959-14964.
  5. Chowdhry MA and Slinkard AE. (1999). Linkage of random amplified polymorphic DNA, isozyme and morphological markers in grasspea (Lathyrus sativus). J of Agri Sci 133: 389-395.
  6. Croft AM, Pang ECK and Taylor PWJ. (1999). Molecular analysis of Lathyrus sativus L. (grasspea) and related Lathyrus species. Euphytica 107: 167–176.
  7. Gepts P, Beavis WD, Brummer EC, Shoemaker RC, Stalker HT, Weeden NF and Young ND. (2005). Legumes as a model plant family. Genomics for food and feed report of the cross-legume advances through genomics conference. Plant Physiology 137: 1228-1235.
  8. Ghorbe NC, Lauga B, Brahim NB, Combes D and Marrakchi M. (2002). Genetic variation analysis in the genus Lathyrus using RAPD markers. Genetic Re Crop Evolution 49: 363-370.
  9. Gutierrez JF, Vaquero F and Vences FJ. (2001). Genetic mapping of isozyme loci in Lathyrus sativus L. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsl 2: 74-78.
  10. Hanada H and Hirai M. (2003). Development of a genetic marker linked to the tendril trait of sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus L.). Breed Sci 53: 7-13.
  11. Hanada H and Hirai M. (2000). Classification of sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus L.) and everlasting pea (Lathyrus latifolium L.) by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. J Japanese Soci for Horti Sci 69: 758-763.
  12. Lorieux M, Goffinet B and Perrier X. (1995). Maximum-likelihood models for mapping genetic-markers showing segregation distortion 1 backcross populations. Theor and Appl Gene 90: 73-80.
  13. Sedehi AV, Lotfi A and Solooki M. (2008). Study of genetic diversity between grasspea landraces using morphological and molecular marker. In: AIP Conference proceedings International Conference on Mathematical Biology pp. 202-210.
  14. Skiba B, Ford R and Pang ECK. (2003). Amplification and detection of polymorphic sequence-tagged sites in Lathyrus sativus. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 21: 391-404.
  15. Skiba B, Ford R and Pang ECK. (2004). Construction of a linkage map based on a Lathyrus sativus backcross population and preliminary investigation of QTLs associated with resistance to Ascochyta blight. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 109: 1726-1735.
  16. Skiba B, Ford R and Pang ECK. (2005). Construction of a cDNA library of Lathyrus sativus infected with Mycosphaerella pinodes and the identification of defence-related Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs). Physiological and Mol Plant Pathol 66: 55-67
  17. Skiba B, Gurung AM and Pang ECK. (2007). Lathyrus. In: Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants- volume 3, Pulses, sugar and tuber crops. Springer Heidelberg, pp. 123-132.
  18. Tavoletti S and Iommarini L. (2007). Molecular marker analysis of genetic variation characterizing a grasspea (Lathyrus sativus) collection from central Italy. Plant Bree 126: 607-611.
  19. Udvardi MK. (2002). Legume genomes and discoveries in symbiosis research. Genome Biology 3: 4028.1-4028.3.

Global Footprints