NIACIN SUPPLEMENTATION FOR LACTATING COWS UNDER HEAT STRESS CONDITIONS - A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC574 | Page : 143 - 149
Citation :- NIACIN SUPPLEMENTATION FOR LACTATING COWS UNDER HEAT STRESS CONDITIONS - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2012.(33):143 - 149
Nazam Khan*, Neelam Kewalramani and Kamala kant drnazamkhan@yahoo.com
Address : Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, India

Abstract

Niacin has a positive role in minimizing both heat and nutritional stress in dairy cows because of its vasodilatory properties and its potent role to counteract ketosis. Due to its incorporation into coenzymes NAD and NADP, it has a great significance in terms of metabolism. However, there is difference of opinions among researchers regarding the effect of niacin on the milk yield, its composition, physiology and blood profile of lactating dairy cows during hot weather. Therefore present review discusses the effect of niacin supplementation on milk yield, milk composition, blood profile and physiological responses of lactating cows during heat stress.

Keywords

Niacin Nicotinic acid Nicotinamide and Heat stress.

References

  1. Altschul, R. (1994). Niacin in vascular disorders and hyperlipemia. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, IL.
  2. Bauman, D.E. and Davis, C.L. (1974). Biosynthesis of milk fat. In: B. Larson and V. Smith (Editors), Lactation. Vol. 11 Academic Press. New York, London. Pp. 31-75.
  3. Baumgard, L.H. and Rhoads, R.P. (2009). The effect of heat stress on nutritional and managemental decisions. Pages 191-202 in West. Dairy Manage. Conf., Reno, NV.
  4. Belibasakis, N.G. and Tsirgogianni , D. (1996). Effects of niacin on milk yield, milk composition and blood components of dairy cows in hot weather. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 64: 53-59.
  5. Brown, G.M. and Reynolds, J.J. (1963). Biogenesis of the water soluble vitamins. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 32: 419-462.
  6. Campbell, J. M., Murphy, M.R., Christensen, R.A. and Overton, T.R. 1994. Kinetics of niacin supplements in lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 77: 566-575.
  7. Costanzo, A. DI., Spain, J.N. and Spiers, D.E. (1997). Supplementation of nicotinic acid for lactating Holstein cows under heat stress conditions. J. Dairy Sci. 80: 1200-1206.
  8. Erickson, P.S., Murphy, M.R. and Clark, J.K. (1992). Supplementation of dairy cow diets with calcium salts of long- chain fatty acids and nicotinic acid in early lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 75: 1078-1089.
  9. Erickson, P.S., Trusk, T.M., and Murphy, M.R. (1990). Effect of niacin source on epinephrine stimulation of plasma NEFA and glucose concentration on diet digestibility and on rumen protozoal numbers in lactating dairy cows. J. Nutr. 120: 1648-1653.
  10. Firth, J. and Johnson, B.C. (1956). Quantitative relationships of tryptophan and nicotinic acid in the baby pig. J. Nutr. 59: 223-234.
  11. Goldsmith, G., Miller, O. and Unglaub, W. (1961). Efficiency of tryptophan as a niacin precursor in man. J. Nutr. 73: 172-176.
  12. Henderson, L.M. (1983). Niacin. Annu Rev Nutr 3:289-307.
  13. Horner, J. L., Windle, L.M., Coppock, C.E., Labore, J.M., Lanham, J.K. and Nave, D.H. (1988). Effect of whole cottonseed, niacin and nicotinamide on in vitro fermentation and on lactating Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 71: 3334-3344.
  14. Jaster , E.H. and Ward, N.E. (1990). Supplemental nicotinic acid or nicotinamide for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 73: 2880.
  15. Kadzere, C.T., Murphy, M.R., Silanikove, N. and Maltz, E. (2002). Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: A review. Livest. Prod. Sci. 77: 59.
  16. Loffler, C. and Petrides, P.E. (2003). Vitamine. In biochemie and Pathobiochemie, Heidelberg: Springer Medizin Verlag pp: 722-741.
  17. Mallonee, P.G., Beede, D.K., Collier, R.J., Wilcox, C.J. (1985). Production and physiological responses of dairying cows to varying dietary potassium during heat stress. J. Dairy Sci. 68: 1479-1487.
  18. Muller, L.D., Heinrichs, A.J., Cooper, J.B. and Atkin, Y.H. (1986). Supplemental niacin for lactating cows during summer feeding. J. Dairy Sci. 69: 1416-1420.
  19. Ottou, J.F., Doreau, M. and Chilliard, Y. (1995). Duodenal rapeseed oil infusion in midlactation cows and interaction with niacin on dairy performance and nutritional balances. J. Dairy Sci. 78: 1345-1352.
  20. Riddell, D.O., Bartley, E.E. and Dayton, A.D. (1981). Effect of nicotinic acid on microbial protein synthesis in vitro and on dairy cattle growth and milk production. J. Dairy Sci. 64: 782-791.
  21. Shields, D.R., Schaefer, D.M. and Perry, T.W. (1983). Influence of niacin supplementation and nitrogen source on rumen microbial fermentation. J. Anim. Sci. 57: 1576-1583.Small, D.J.V. (2010). Effect of feeding supplemental rumen-protected niacin (NiashureTM) on milk yield and milk composition in early lactation Holstein cows. A MSc. thesis submitted to the graduate faculty of North Carolina state university.
  22. St. Pierre, N.R., Cobanov, B. and Schnitkey, G. (2003). Economic losses from heat stress by US livestock industries. J. Dairy Sci. 80: 86-E52.
  23. Umphrey, J.E., Moss, B.R. and Wilcox, C.J. (2001). Interrelationships in lactating Holsteins of rectal and skin temperatures, milk yield and composition, dry matter intake, body weight, and feed efficiency in summer in Alabama. J. Dairy Sci. 84: 2680-2685.
  24. Upaghyay, R.C., Singh, S.V., Kumar, A., Gupta, S.K. and Ashutosh. (2007). Impact of climate change on milk production of Murrah buffaloes. Ind J. of Anim. Sci. 6(2): 1329-1332.
  25. Weiss, W.P. and Gonzalo, F. (2006). Are your cows getting the vitamin they need? J. Dairy Tech. 18: 249-259.
  26. Yuan, K., Shaver, R.D., Espineria, M. and Bertics, S.J. (2011). Effect of a rumen-protected niacin product on lactation performance by dairy cows during summer in Wisconsin. Prof. Anim. Sci. 27: 190-194.
  27. Zimbelman, R.B., Baumgard, L.H. and Collier, R.J. (2010). Effects of encapsulated niacin on evaporative heat loss and body temperature in moderately heat stressed lactating Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 93: 2387.
  28. Zimbelman, R.B., Muumba, J., Hernandez, L.H., Wheelock, J.B., Schwartz, G., O’Brien, M.D., Baumgard, L.H. and Collier, R.J. (2007). Effect of encapsulated niacin on resistance to acute thermal stress in lactating Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 90 (Suppl. 1): 231 (abstract)

Global Footprints