UTILITY OF FLYASH IN AGRICULTURE - A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC4290 | Page : 197 - 203
Citation :- UTILITY OF FLYASH IN AGRICULTURE - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2003.(24):197 - 203
R.L. Suwalka
Address : Agricultural Research Station MaharaJ'lllPratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Ummedganj,Kota - 324001, India

Abstract

Characterization of flyash has widely shown about its usefulness in improving soil physico-chemical properties and crop growth, as its disposal needs large area of land. The research conducted on the use of flyash in agriculture indicates that main constituents of flyash are silicates of iron and aluminum. It contains fairly high available major nutrients like P, K and S and micronutrients such as Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn and B with high bio-available heavy metals. Depending up on its source of availability it may be acidic or alkaline in reaction and therefore, it can be used as ameliorant to reclaim acidic and alkali soils. Flyash also ads as a soil modifier to upgrade the physical properties of clay as well as sandy soil. Fly ash not only enhance germination of seed but also helps in development of plant due to increased nutrient content and uptake by plants in terms of sustainable economic production. Further the work done in India is very scanty on the use fullness of flyash in agriculture like as build up of heavy metals as well as toxic levels of nutrients, its use in combination with fertilizer and compost and its effect on the soil mlcrobs responsible for nitrification. Hence an attempt has been made to summarized the work done in recent past on the use of flyash in crop production in this review article.


Keywords

References

  1. Adriano, D.C. et al (1982). J.Environ. Qual, 11: 197-203.
  2. Adriano, D.C. et al (1978). J. Environ Qual, 7: 416-421.
  3. Agrawal, S.K. (1998). Proc. Regional Workshop cum Symp. on FIyash Disposal and Utilization at KTPS, m: 52-63.
  4. Aitken, R.L, et aI. (1984). Aust. J.Soil Res., 22: 443.
  5. Babu, B.S. and Raddy, M:S. (2000). In: Annual Convention, ISSS, NBSS, Nagpur, P-135. (Abstract).
  6. Baskar, M, etal (2000). In: Annual Convention, ISSS, NBSS, Nagpur, P-87. (Abstract).
  7. Bhaisare, A. eta/. (1999). J. Soils Crop, 9: 255-257.
  8. Bilski, J.Jo and Alva,A.K. (l995)oBu6. Environ. Ccnta. Toxicology, 55:· 502-509.
  9. Birajdar, RR et a/. (2000). J. Soil Crop, 10:.248-251. .
  10. Chang, A.C. eta/. (1989). In: Inorganic Conditions in the VadocZone Econogical Studies. (B. Bar-Yosef eta/. ed.) 74:
  11. 125-139.
  12. Chauhan, A. and Saxena, M. (1998). Proc. Regional Workshopcum Syrnp. on F1yash Disposal and Utilization at
  13. KTPS, m: 13-24.
  14. Deshmukh, A. eta/. (1999).J. Soils Crop, 9: 276-279.
  15. Elseewi, AA and Page, A.L. (1984). J. Environ. QuaJ., 13: 395.
  16. Elseewi, AA et a/. (1978a). J. Environ. QuaJ., 7: 69.
  17. Elseewi, A.A. etal (1980b). Sci. Total Environ., 15: 272-259.
  18. Garau, M.A. et al (1991). BioI. Fertil Soil, 12: 199.
  19. Gedroje, B. et a/. (1980). Polish J. Soil Sci, 13: 163-171.
  20. Ghuman, G.S. et al (1994). Water; Air and SoilPoDution, 72(1-4); 285-2.95.
  21. Grewal, K.S. et al (1998). J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 46:20: 203-206.
  22. Gupta, A.P. et al (1996). Ann. Biology, 12: 19-24.
  23. Hammemester, A.M. eta/. (1998). Environ. Tech., 19: 143-152.
  24. Henning, S.J. et aI. (1988). Proc. Annual Madison Waste Conference, 11: 323-332.
  25. Kalra, N. etal (1998a). Bio. Res. Tech., 64: 163-167.
  26. Kalra, Noet al (l998b). Effect of Ayash Incorporation on Soil Properties and Crop Productivity, (ARI, New Deihl,
  27. India pp. 20-28.
  28. Kane, DR et a/. (1991a). J. Soils and Crops, 1: 120-123.
  29. Kane, DR etal (1991b). J. Soil and Crops, 1: 11-18.
  30. Khander, UR etal (1996). Acta Agronomic Hugarica., 44: 141-151.
  31. Koter, M. etal (1984). Rocmiki. Glehomaweze, 35: 97-106.
  32. Kuchanwar,O.D. etal (1997).J.SoilandCrops,7: 73-75.
  33. Kulkarni, K.R. etal (1975). MysoreJ., 9: 245-258
  34. Vol. 24, No.3, 2003 203
  35. Kumar, A. etal. (1998a). J.lndianSoc. SoiISci., 46: 459-46l.
  36. Kumar. A et a!. (1998b). J./ndllUl Soc. SoH Sci., 68: 590-592.
  37. Kumar. A. etal (1999). J.lndianSoc. SoiISci., 47: 744-748.
  38. Kumar, V. and Sharma. P. (1998). Proc. Regional Workshop cum Symp. On Flyilsh Utilization at KTPS I: 1-5.
  39. lal. JK et a!. (1996). J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 44: 310-313.
  40. lat. JK et a!. (1996). J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci.• 44: 77-80.
  41. lat. R. eta!. (1973). J. Agric. Sci. Res.. 15(1/2): 11·14.
  42. Mahalingam. PK (1973). MadrasAgnc. J., 60: 1055-105?.
  43. Maiti. 5.5. et a!. (1990). J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 38: 342.
  44. Malewar. G.U. eta!. (1999b). J. Soils and Crops, 9: 18-22.
  45. Malewar, G.U. eta!. (1999a). J. Soiland Crops, 9: 30-33.
  46. MandaI an:! Saxena, (1998). Proc. RegioniII Workshop Cum ~p. on f\1ash Disposal and Utilization at KTPS,III: 1-12.
  47. Martins, D.C. eta!. (1970), Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.,34: 453-456.
  48. Matte, D.B. and Thakare, KK (1995). National Seminar on Dev. in Soil Sci. 109 (Abstracts).
  49. Matte, D. B. and Kene, DR (1995).In:JToc. NationalSemiharon Use ofLignite F/yash in Agricu!tut'e, Annamalainagar.
  50. 44-48.' "
  51. Mishra, AK et a!. (1995). En~. £Co., 13: 920.
  52. Mishra, L.C. and Sukla, KN. (1986). Environ. Pout. Ser. A., 42: 1-13.
  53. Nagar. G.L. and Totawat, KL. (2000). 65th Annual Ce>nvention of Indian Soc. of Soil Science. pp88.
  54. Page, A.L etal (1979). Res. Rev., 71: 83-120.
  55. Patil. C.V. eta!. (1996). J. MaharashtraAgnc. Univ., 21: 9-11.
  56. Pertuz2ell. G. et a!. (1986). Agrochimica., 30: 192:198.
  57. Pertuzzeli, G. eta!. (1987). Water. Air and Soil PoIIut., 32: 389-395.
  58. Pitchel. J.RandHayes, J.M. (1990). J. Environ. Qual. 19: 593.
  59. Raghupathy. B. (1993). Inter. Rice. Res. Notes., 18: 27·28.
  60. Raman, S. etal (1996). J.lndianSoc. SoiISci.. 4: 147-150.
  61. Ress, W.J. eta!. (1956). PI. Soil, 8: 141"159.
  62. . Rippon, J.F. and WQOd, M.L. (1976). Microbial Aspect of Pulberized Fuel ash. Oxford. Blackwell. pp 331-350.
  63. Sahoo. S. and Kar. S. (1998). J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci.. 46: 291-293.
  64. Sale. L.Y. etal (1997). CanadianJ.!X!iISci.. 77: 677-683.
  65. Schnapplnger, M.G. eta!. (1975). Environ. Sci. Technol.9: 258-26l.
  66. Schutter. M:E. and Fuhrmann.J.J. (1996) J. Environ. Qwl, 28: 648-652:
  67. Selvakumari, G. et al (2000). In: Annual Convention. ISSS, NMSS. Nagpur, P-335. (Abstracts).
  68. Selvakumari, G. etal (1999). MadrasAgric. J.. 86: 556-561.
  69. Sharma. SK (2001). Aawiskar, July 2001: 301 -307.
  70. Shukla. KN. and Mishra, LC. (1986). Water. Air and Soil PoIIut., 27(1/2): 155-167.
  71. Sikka, Rand Kansal, B.D, (1994). BioResearch Techno., 50: 269.
  72. Sikka. R. and Kansal, B.D. (1995). Bio. Research Tech.. 51: 199-203.
  73. Sims. J.T. eta!. (1995). Water, Air andSoil PoIIut. , 81(3-4): 363-372.
  74. Singh,A.K. etlJ!. (1996). Proc. Natl Syrnp.Env. WasteMgt.,NML. Jamshedpur, 183.
  75. Singh, G. (1998). Proc. Regional Work£hop Cum Syrnp. Flyash Disposal and Utilization at KTPS. III: 25.
  76. Singh. G. and Tripathl.P.S.Mi (1 ~86l.1n: National Seminar on F/yash Utilization. NLC.,Neyveli. pp 157-] 65.
  77. Singh. N.B. and Singh. M. (1986). OJwa., 23: 145-151.
  78. Singh, N. et lJ!. (1994). £Cotoxic%gy. ~: 287-298.
  79. Singh, V. eta!. (1972).lndllUlJ. Agric. Sci.,6: 289-290.
  80. Stuczyns!d, T.L. et lJ!. (1998 a & b). 'Soll Science, 163: 952-959. ""
  81. Summers, R eta!. (1998). comm.SoIiSci. andPl.~,29: 2757-2767.
  82. Suwalka. RL. (2000). Rabl ResearchRtport 2000-2001, MPUA&T. ARS, Kota(Raj.).
  83. Tiwari. KN. eta!. (1992). Arid. SoiIRe$. andRJ,ab., 6(2): 117-126.
  84. Trlpathy. A. and Sahu. RK(1997). Environ. BioI., 18(2): 13H35.
  85. Vallini, G. eta!. (1999). CompastSci. and Utilization, ?: 81-90.
  86. Verma, S.C. (1972). IndianJ. Agron.• 17: 158-161.
  87. Wallace. A. and Wallace, G.A. (1986). SoiISci.. 141: 387-389.
  88. Warambhe, P.R. etlJ!. (1992). J. Soils and Crops, 2:'9-11.
  89. Wong. J.W.C. and Wong, M.H. (1990). £Cosyst. Envir., 30: 251.
  90. Woodbury. P.B. etlJ!. (1999). Water, AirandSoUPtuiut., 111: 271-286.
  91. Zieba. S. (1975). NoII't!RoInJctwo., 24: 11-13.

Global Footprints