ROLE OF NUTRITION IN RELATION TO IMMUNE SYSTEM - A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC4183 | Page : 181 - 190
Citation :- ROLE OF NUTRITION IN RELATION TO IMMUNE SYSTEM - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2006.(27):181 - 190
A. Somarendro Singh and O. Nirmalkumar Singh
Address : Central Agricultural University, Iroishemba, Imphal, Manipur - 795001, India

Abstract

After 25 years of its initiation, agroforestry research is at a sustainable state today. Sustainable agriculture production through agroforestry systems, in recent is in enhancing the production of tree products through the domestication of trees. Below ground dynamics systems influenced by genetic, site and management factors. The knowledge of it can be utilized for minimizing competition for nutrients and moisture in agroforestry systems for better utilization of below ground resources. Competition for water and nutrients is often reported but there is a great scope for water and nutrient conservation linked to agroforestry. It is reported that there is increase of growth and mineral nutrition of the grass stratum due to tree shade. Shade enhances the availability of nutrients in the soil, changes micro-climatic conditions favouring the biological activity of the soil. The live-stock tree interactions have been also significantly reviewed e.g. effect of dung, tree litter, nutrient recycling on soil fertility and crop yields, use of crop residues which certainly affect the sustainable agriculture production.

Keywords

References

  1. Akira, S. et al. (1990). FASEB J., 4: 2860-2867.
  2. Beck, M.A. (2000). American J. Clini. Nutri. Society, 71: (S) 1676-1679.
  3. Berezi, T. et al. (1998). Domestic Anim. Endocrinol., 15: 273-281.
  4. Calder, P.C. and Jackson, A.A. (2000). Nutri. Res. Reviews, 13: 3-29.
  5. Callard, R. and Gearing, A. (1994). In: The Cytokine Facts BooK, Academic Press, Inc., London, UK.
  6. Chang, H.R. and Bistrian, B. (1998). J. Parenteral. Enten. Nutri., 22: 156-166.
  7. Chapkin, R.S. et al. (2000). In: Nutrition and Immunology; Principles and Practice (Gershwin et al., eds.). Humana Press, Inc., Totowa, NJ.
  8. Downing, J.E.G. and Miyan, J.A. (2000). Immunol. Today, 21: 281-289.
  9. Elsasser, T.H. et al. (1995). J. Endocrinol., 144: 109-117.
  10. Fossum, C. (1998). Domestic Anim. Endocrinol., 15: 439-444.
  11. Fritsche, K.L. et al. (2000). J. Infectious Disease, 182: (S) 54-61.
  12. Goldsby, R.A. et al. (2000). In: Kuby Immunology, 4th edn., Freman and Company, New York, USA.
  13. Harbige, L.S. (1998). Proc. Nutrition Soc., 57: 555-562. Vol. 27, No. 3, 2006 189
  14. Henderson, B. and Black, S. (1992). Trends Pharmacol. Sci., 13: 145-152.
  15. Johnson, R.W. (1998). Domestic Anim. Endocrinol., 15: 309-319.
  16. Kabelitz, D. (1990). Immunol. Today, 11: 44-46.
  17. Kadis, S. et al. (1984). American J. Vet. Res., 45: 255-259.
  18. Kim, H.W. et al. (2000). Vet. Immunology Immunopatho., 74: 315-327.
  19. Klasing, K.C. and Leshchinsky, T.V. (2000). In: Nutrition and Immunology; Principles and Practice (Gershwin
  20. et al., eds.). Humana Press, Inc., Totowa, NJ.
  21. Lander, H.M. (1997). EASEB J., 11: 118-124.
  22. Ling, P.R. et al. (1997). American J. Physiol., 272: (E) 333-339.
  23. Mc Cann, S.M. et al. (1998). Domestic Anim. Endocrinol., 15: 333-344.
  24. Myers, M.J. and Muttaugh, M.P. (1995). In: Cytokines in Animal Health and Disease, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, USA.
  25. O‘Dell, B.L. and Sunde, R.A. (1997). In: Hand Book of Nutritionally Essential Minerals. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.
  26. Paludan, S.R. (2000). J. Leukocyte Biol., 67: 18-25.
  27. Roitt, I.M. et al. (1997). In: Immunology, 4th edn., Grower Medical Publishing, Mosby, Inc., London, UK.
  28. Sandhu, S.T. and Singha, S.P.S. (2002). Indian J. Anim. Sci., 72: 766-769.
  29. Seder, R.A. and Le Gross, G.G. (1995). J. Exp. Med., 181: 5-7.
  30. Sharma, D. et al. (2002). In: Advances in Vety. Phamacology and Toxicology, Ocean Publication, Rampur, India.
  31. Singh, S.V. and Pachauri, S.P. (2001). Indian Vet. Med. J., 25: 265-266.
  32. Taga, T. and Krishimoto, T. (1993). FASEB J., 7: 3387-3396.
  33. Tizard, I.R. (1997). In: Veterinary Immunology, An Introduction. 5th edn. Harcourt Brace and Company Ltd., USA.
  34. Webel, D.M. et al. (1998). J. Nutri., 128: 1657-1660.
  35. Weinberg, E.D. (1998). Cancer Investi., 16: 291-292.
  36. Weinberg, E.D. (2000). Microbes Infection, 2: 85-89.
  37. Wills, R.B.H. et al. (2000). Nutri. Res. Reviews, 13: 47-77

Global Footprints