SOIL EROSION RESEARCH UNDER SIMULATED CONDITIONS FOR BLACK SOILS OF SOUTHERN INDIA - A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC4130 | Page : 63-68
Citation :- SOIL EROSION RESEARCH UNDER SIMULATED CONDITIONS FOR BLACK SOILS OF SOUTHERN INDIA - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2007.(28):63-68
A.K.SINGH, MAHESH KOTHARI, P.K.MISHRA VIRNDRA KUMAR, G.v. SRINIVASA REDDY and R.C.PUROHIT
Address : Department of Soil and Water Engineering, Collage of Technology and Engineering, Udaipur-313001, Rajasthan (India)

Abstract

This paper summaries the research work has been done by various research workers on runoff and soil loss in black and associate soils during the recent past. Black soils (Vertisols) occupied as area about 72.90 Mha and thus form a major natural soil resource in the country. Zingg (1940) developed an equation to calculate field soil loss. In 1953, a laboratory was established at Lafayette, Indiana (USA) to collect, summaries and combine runoff and soil loss dada. Smith and Wischmeier (1962) developed equation of soil loss which related to land slope and further Wischmeier and Smith (1965) developed the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE). Tejwani et al., (1975) conducted field study in black soils of Bellary (Karnataka) and found soil proportional to slope length power pattern. Dabney et al., (1995) evaluates effectiveness of grass hedges on erosion control. Rande et al., (1997) found effectiveness of vegetative barriers which are as effective as mechanical barriers in erosion control. Singh et al., (2002) and Nalathwadmath et al., (2004) evaluates runoff and sediment loss under different slope length and steepness of slope. It is important to note that so much research work has been carried and the data is still insufficient to predict soil loss from fields and to evaluate accurate effective measures for erosion control in black soils under Indian conditions. It is, therefore felt essential that systematic study should be continued on various parameters effecting soil loss through erosion, so that in due course of time it would be possible to come out with conaete solution.

Keywords

References

  1. Balasubramanian, G. and Shivanappan, RK (1981). In: Proc. South-East Asian Regional Symposium on Problems of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok: 29-36.
  2. Dabney, W.C. eta!. (1995). ASAE38 (6): 1719-1729.
  3. Garde, R.J. and Kothyari, U.C. (1987).lrrig Power CBIP: 97-123.
  4. Helming, L., et al (1996). 9th ISCO Proc, Bonn Germany:62- 63.
  5. Mc cool; DK et al. (1987). Trans. ASAE. 30 :1387-1396.
  6. Mishra, P.K. et al. (2006).J.lrrg. Dronie. Engg. ASAE 130: 154-159
  7. Nalatwadmath, S.K. et a/. (2004). Indian J. Dry land Agric Res and Develop. 19( 1) :31-37.
  8. Narsimlu,B., et a/. (2004). J. Irrig Drain Engg, ASAE, 47: 154-159.
  9. Panigarahi, D. et al. (1999). Indian Jo Soil Conservation. 27: 193-197.
  10. Rai, R.N. and Singh, A. (1986). Indian J. Soil Conserv. 14(2): 1-6.
  11. Rama Mohan Rao, M.S. eta/. (1990). Proc. Intern Symp. on Water Erosion, Sedimentation and Resource Conservation, CSWCRTI, Dehradun : 199-214. 68 AGRICULTURAL REVIEWS
  12. Rana, RS. and Subehia, S.K. (1996). Indain J. Soil Conser 24(2) : 161-171.
  13. Ranade, D.H. et al. (1997). Indian J. Soil Conser. 25 (3) : 182- 185.
  14. Singh, Ratan, et al. (2002). Indian Soil Cons. 30: 232- 235.
  15. Smith, D.o., and Wischmeier, WH. (1962) Adv. Agron 14: 109-109,
  16. Tejwani, K.G., etaI. (1975). Soil and Water Conservation Research, 1956-71. Indian Council ofAgricultural Research, New Delhi.
  17. Wischmeier, WH. and Smith,D.D. (1965). Predicting rainfall-erosion losses from crop land east of the rocky mountains -iJuide for selection of practices for soil and water conservation. Agricultural Hand Book No.282, USDA.
  18. Wischmeier, WH. and Smith, D.D. (1978). Predicting rainfall erosion losses-Aguide to conservation planning. Agricullural Handbook no.537, USDA.
  19. Zingg, RW. (1940). J. Agri21: 59-64.

Global Footprints