TECHNIQUES OF WEED MANAGEMENT IN CHICKPEA -A Review

Article Id: ARCC4126 | Page : 34-41
Citation :- TECHNIQUES OF WEED MANAGEMENT IN CHICKPEA -A Review.Agricultural Reviews.2007.(28):34-41
Dhiman Mukherjee
Address : Department of Agronomy, Regional Research Station, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalimpong - 734301 (w. B), India

Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is one of the most important pulse legumes in many parts of the world. India is largest producer of chickpea in the world, sharing 65 and 70% of the total global area and production, respectively. However productivity of chickpea in India is quite low. Out of several factors responsible for low productivity losses caused due to weeds is one of the most important which averaged out to be 30–54%. Different weed control practices such as crop architecture, use of appropriate cultivars and use of herbicides were followed for better management. Differences in weed suppression among crops at cultivars have long been established. Cultivars for sustainable system should be both high yielding and competitive against weeds. Application of herbicide at critical growth stages followed by one or two hand weeding at proper time or manipulation of row spacing for improving the weed suppressing effect of crops gives marginal improvement in crop yield.

Keywords

References

  1. Ahlawat et al. (2005). Indian J. Agron. 52: 27·30.
  2. Ahuja, K.N. and Yaduraju, N.T. (1995). Ann. Agric. Res. 16: 251-253.
  3. Aldrich, R.J. (1984). Weed-Crop Ecology: Principles of Weed Management,. Bretton N. Scituate, Massachusetts p. 17.
  4. Ali, M. (1993). In: Proc. International Symp. Indian Soc. Weed Sci. November 18-20, HAU, Hissar.
  5. Ali, M. and Kumar, S. (2000). Indian Fmg. 50 (8) : 4-13.
  6. Banga et al. (2003). Indian J. Weed Sci. 35 :211-213.
  7. Bhalla etal. (1998). World Weeds 5 : 121-124. Vol. 28, No.1, 2007 4]
  8. Bhan, V.M. and Kukule, S. (1987). In: The Chickpea ( Saxena, M.e. and Singh, KB. Ed.). CABInternational, Wellingford, UK pp. 319-328.
  9. Blessdal, J.K.A. (1960). In: The Biology of Weeds, (Harper, J.L. Ed). Blackwell Science, Publ. Oxford, UK, pp.133-142.
  10. Calcagno et al. (1987). Intern. Chickpea Newsl. 17: 34-35.
  11. Caritaetal. (1993). In .oProc. ofthe 1993 Congress ofthe Spanish WeedSci. Soc., Hugo. Spain, 1-3 December 1993, pp.170-173
  12. Chopra et al. (2001). Indian J. Weed Sci. 33 (3&4) : 194-197.
  13. De et al. (1995). Indian Agriculturist 39 (3): 213-217.
  14. Donald, C.M. (1963). Adv. Agron. 15: 1-118.
  15. Duke et al. (2002). Weed Sci. 50: 138-15l.
  16. Dungarwal et al. (2002). Indian J. Weed Sci. 34 : 208-212.
  17. Hernandez, L.G. and Hill, G.S. (1983). In: Proc. Agron. Soc. NZ. 13: 75-79.
  18. Jain et al. (2002). Indian J. Pulses Res. 15: 172-173.
  19. Kolar etal. (1982). Pesticides 16: 14-15.
  20. Kumar et al. (1988). PAU. J. Res., 25 : 534-538.
  21. Kumaretal. (1989). Inter. Chickpea Newsl. 21 :28-30.
  22. Lal, RC. and Singh, H.P. (1984). In: Abs. of Papers, Annual Con£. of Indian Soc. Weed Sci., February 27-28, B.H.U.,
  23. Varanasi, U.P., India.
  24. Malik etal. (1988). Indian J. Weed Sci. 20: 75-8l.
  25. M5hra etal. (1990). In : Abs. ofPapers, Biennial Con£. ofIndian Soc. Weed Sci. March 4-5, JNKV\I, Jabalpur, M.P., India, p.91.
  26. Mishra, J.S. and Singh, v.P. (2003). Indian J. Weed Sci. 35 : 279-80.
  27. Moorthy et a/. (2004). Indian J. Weed Sci. 36 :221-223.
  28. Moorthy, B.T.S and Dubey, RP. (2004). Indian J. Weed Sci. 36: 274-75.
  29. Pandey et al. (2005). Indian Fmg. 12 :33-35.
  30. Pandey, J. (1981). Food Fmg. Agric. 14 (5) : 52-53.
  31. Pandey,J. (1982). IndianJ. Weed Sci. 14 : 149-15l.
  32. Pandey, J. (1989). Indian J. Agron.. 34 : 110-112.
  33. Panwar, RS. and Pandey, KK (1977). Indian J. Agron. 22 : 257-259.
  34. Paradkar etal. (1997). World Weeds. 4: 41-47.
  35. Ramakrishna et a/. (1992). Tropical Pest Management 38: 398-399.
  36. Saini, S.S. and Faroda, A.S. (1997). Indian J. Agron. 42: 645-649.
  37. Sarkar et a/. (2000). Indian J. Agron. 45 : 681-686.
  38. Saxena eta!. (1976). PantnagarJ. Res. 1 : 112-116.
  39. Sekhon et al. (1993). Effect of chemical, mechanical and cultural manipulations on weed growth and grain yield of various pulse crops. Integrated weed management for sustainable agriculture. In: Proc. Indian Soc. Weed Sci. International Symp. Hissar, India, 18-20, Nov. 1993 Vol. 111 pp. 141-146.
  40. Sharma et al. (1989). Indian J. Agron. 34 : 381-383.
  41. Singh et al. (1980). Agric. Res. and Rural Dell. 3 : 19-25.
  42. Singh et a/. (1990). Crop. Res 3: 155-157.
  43. Singh et a!. (2001). Crop weed competition as influenced by sowing dates of chickpea cultivars. In :Abstracts ofPapers, First Biennial Conference in the New Millennium, May 23-24, Bangalore, p.170.
  44. Singh et al. (2003a). Indian J. Weed Sci. 35 : 45-48.
  45. Singh et a!. (2oo3b). Indian J. Weed Sci. 36 : 41-44.
  46. Singh et a!. (2oo3c). Indian J. Agron. 48 :114-116.
  47. Singh, AK and Sahu, J.P. (1996). Indian J. Pulses Res. 9: 78-79.
  48. Singh, B.D. (1998). Indian J. Pulses Res. 11 : 48-53
  49. Singh, G and Singh, D. (1982). Weed control studies in gram. In: Abs. ofPapers, Annual Con£. ofIndian Soc. Weed Sci. p.23.
  50. Singh, KB. and Auckland, AK (1975). Chickpea breeding at ICRISAT.ln: Proc. International Workshop on Grain Legumes. ICRISAT, Hyderabad, p.17.
  51. Singh, R.C.(1985). Comparative studies of herbicides in relation to agronomical practices in chickpea. In: Abs. of Papers, Annual Can£. of Indian Soc. of Weed Sci. pp 56-57.
  52. Singh, RP. and Singh, U.P. (1998). Indian J. Agron. 43 : 213-218.
  53. Singh, S. and Singh, A.N. (2000). Crop weed competition in chickpea. In: National Symposium on Agronomy: ClJal1engers and Strategies for theNewMillennium, November 15-18, GAU Campus, Junagarh, Gujarat, pp. 199.
  54. Taylor and Francis (2003). Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 22:239-31l.
  55. Tesar, O. and Smolikova, M. (1996). Weed control in chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.). Scientific Studies Research Institute for Fodder Plants, Troubsko, Czech. 14 : 107-113.
  56. Tewari et al. (2001). Indian J. Weed Sci. 33 :198-199.
  57. Thevathasan et al. (1999). Agroforestry Systems 44 : 151-162.
  58. Tripathi, RS. and Misra, R (1971). J. Indian Botanical Soc. 50 : 142-152.
  59. Vaishya eta/. (1999). Indian J. Pulses Res. 12 : 197-2000.
  60. Yadav et al. (1983). Tropical Pest Management 29: 297-298.

Global Footprints