DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0741.34.3.009    | Article Id: ARCC266 | Page : 236-241
Citation :- BAMBOO FOREST RESOURCES OF INDIA AND ITS ROLE IN FOOD SECURITY - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2013.(34):236-241
Yengkopam Ranjana Devi y_ranjana
Address : College of Agricultural Engineering and Post Harvest Technology, Central Agricultural University, Gangtok- 737 135 - India


Bamboo, the fastest growing plant, is estimated to cover 8.96 million ha of the total 63.3 million ha forest area of India. The plant is intricately associated with humans from times immemorial. Though popularly known for industrial usage, a lesser known fact of bamboos is the utilization of its juvenile shoots as food that can be consumed fresh, fermented, canned or pickled. Bamboo shoots have high nutritive value containing low fats and cholesterol and high amount of carbohydrate, proteins, minerals and dietary fibres. It holds great promise for utilization as health food because of presence of bioactive compounds which is found to have medicinal properties. Being one of the fastest growing plants, its shoots can be utilized for feeding the ever increasing human population and also because of its nutritional and therapeutic values, the shoots can be used to make up for the dietary deficiencies of nutrients in the diet.


Bamboo shoots Forest resources Nutritional value Therapeutic values.


  1. Bal, L.M., Sahu, J.K. and Prusty, S.R. (2008). Opportunity of bamboo shoots for nutritional security and socio- economical prosperity of north eastern region of India, Proceedings of the conference on Agricultural Engineering inputs for the development of the NER region, Assam University, Silchar on 3rd December: 108-114.
  2. Bao, J. (2006). The nutrition and bioactive function of bamboo shoots. Food Nutrition in China, 4: 2-3.
  3. Benzhi, Z., Maoyi, F., Jinzhong, X., Xiaosheng, Y. and Zhengcai, L. (2005). Ecological functions of bamboo forest: research and application. Journal of Forest Research, 16(2): 143-7.
  4. Bhargava, A., Kumbhare, V., Srivastava, A. and Sahai, A. (1996). Bamboo parts and seeds for additional source of nutrition. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 33 (2): 145-146.
  5. Bhatt, B.P., Singha, L.B., Sachan, M.S. and Singh, K. (2004). Commercial edible bamboo species of the north-eastern Himalayan region, India. Part I : Young shoot. Journal of Bamboo and Rattan, 3(4):337-64.
  6. Cahill, A. (1999). Field day to explore edible bamboo shoot market. News Release, Dept of Primary Industries Queensland.
  7. Daphen, L. (1996). Bamboo shoots: delicious to eat, easy to sell. Washington Tilth. Autumn :7-9.
  8. Debangana, C., Jatindra, K.S. and Sharma, G.D. (2010). Biochemistry of Bitterness in Bamboo Shoots. Assam University Journal of Science and Technology, 6(11): 105-111.
  9. Ferreira, V.L.P., Azzini, A., de Figueriredo, I.B., Salgado, A.L.B. and Barbieri, M.K. (1995). Evaluation of bamboo shoots for human consumption. Coletanea do Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimento, Brazil, 16:23-36.
  10. Ferreira, V.L.P., Yotsuyanagi, K. and Carvalho, C.R.L. (1995). Elimination of cyanogenic compounds from bamboo shoot, Dendrocalamus giganteus Munro. Tropical. Science, 35: 342 – 346.
  11. FSI (1997). State of Forest Report, Forest Survey of India, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Dheradun.
  12. Haque, M.R. and Bradbury, J.H. (2002). Total cyanide determination of plants and foods using the picrate and acid hydrolysis methods. Food Chemistry, 77 :107 – 114.
  13. INBAR. (1997). The plant with a thousand faces, International Network Bamboo Rattan 5:13.
  14. Kozukue, E., Kozukue, N. and Tsichida, H. (1999). Changes in several enzyme activities accompanying the pulp browning of bamboo shoots during storage. Journal of Japanese Society of Horticultural Sciences, 68(3): 689-93.
  15. Lobovikov, M. (2003). Bamboo and rattan products and trade. Journal of Bamboo Rattan 2(4): 397-406.
  16. Moller, B. L. & Seigler, D. S. (1999). Biosynthesis of cyanogenic glycosides, cyanolipids and related compounds. In B.K. Singh (Ed.), Plant Amino Acids Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Marcel Dekker : 563–609.
  17. Nahrstedt, A.F. (1993). Cyanogenesis and food plants. In: van Beek TA, Breteler H, eds. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Phytochemistry and Agriculture, 22–24, Wageningen. Oxford, Oxford University Press : 107– 129.
  18. Naithani, H.B. (1993). Contributions to the taxonomic studies of Indian bamboos. Ph.D. Thesis, Vol. I, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar, Garhwal.
  19. Nirmala, C., David, E. and Sharma, M.L. (2007). Changes in nutrient components during ageing of emerging juvenile bamboo shoots. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, 58: 345-52.
  20. Nirmala, C., Madhoo, S.B. and Sheena, H. (2001). Nutritional Properties of Bamboo Shoots: Potential and Prospects for Utilization as a Health Food. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 10:153-169.
  21. Panda, T and Padhy, R.N. (2007). Sustainable food habits of the hill dwelling Kandha tribe in Kalahandi district of Orissa. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 6(1):103-105.
  22. R.F.R.I. (2008). Bamboo as food and medicine, Report of Rain Forest Research Institute (RFRI), Jorhat, India,
  23. Rai, S.N. and Chauhan, K.V.S. (1998). Distribution and growing Stock of Bamboo in India. Indian Forester, 124(2):89-98.
  24. Sarangthem, K. and Singh, T.N. (2003). Transformation of fermented bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper) shoots into phytosterols by microorganisms. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 40:622-5.
  25. Satya S., Bal., L.M., Singhal, P and Naik, S.N. (2010). Bamboo shoot processing: food quality and safety aspect (a review). Trends in Food Science and Technology, 21:181-189.
  26. Scurlock, J.M.O., Dayton, D.C. and Hames, B. (2000). Bamboo: an overlooked biomass resource? Biomass Bioenergy, 19(4):229-244.
  27. Sharma, M.L., Nirmala, C., Richa and David, E. (2004). Variations in nutrient and nutritional components of juvenile bamboo shoots. Punjab University Research Journal (Science), 54:101-4.
  28. Sharma, Y.M.L. (1980). Bamboo in the Asia-Pacific region. In: Lessard G, Chouinard A (ed) Bamboo research in Asia. Proceedings of a workshop held in Singapore. International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada: 99-120.
  29. Shi, Q.T. and Yang, K.S. (2001). Study on relationship between nutrients in bamboo shoots and human health. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Industrial Use of Bamboo. International Tropical Timber Organization and Chinese Academy; Beijing, China: Bamboo and its Uses: 338-46.
  30. Tai, K.Y. (1985). The management and utilization of shoot-producing bamboos in Taiwan [Chinese]. Journal of China Forest, 18(2):1-46.
  31. Tripathi, Y.C. (1998). Food and nutrition potential of bamboo. MFP-News, 8(1): 10-11
  32. Wongsakpairod, T (2000). Bamboo shoot drying using superheated steam. M Eng Thesis, King Mongkut’s University of Technology, Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand.
  33. Xuhe, C. (2003). Promotion of bamboo for poverty alleviation and economic development. Journal of Bamboo Rattan, 2(4):345-50.
  34. Yang, Q., Duan, Z., Wang, Z., He, K., Sun, Q. and Peng, Z. (2008). Bamboo resources, utilization and ex-situ conservation in Xishuangbanna, South-eastern China. Journal of Forest Resource, 19(1):79-83.

Global Footprints