EFFECT OF MULCHING ON CROP PRODUCTION UNDER RAINFED CONDITION - A REVIEW

DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0741.34.3.003    | Article Id: ARCC260 | Page : 188-197
Citation :- EFFECT OF MULCHING ON CROP PRODUCTION UNDER RAINFED CONDITION - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2013.(34):188-197
Raju Lal Bhardwaj rajubhardwaj3@gmail.com
Address : Krishi Vigyan Kendra, M. P. University of Agriculture and Technology, Sirohi-307001, India

Abstract

Mulching is an agricultural and horticultural technique in which the use of organic is involved. This technique is very useful in protecting the roots of the plants from heat, cold. Mulch is used to cover soil surface around the plants to create congenial condition for the growth. This may include temperature moderation, reduce salinity and weed control. It exerts decisive effects on earliness, yield and quality of the crop. Mulching is also applicable to most field crops. However, it is preferred in fruit orchard, flower and vegetable production, nurseries and forest where frequent cultivation is not required for raising the crops. Black plastic mulch is most commonly used in agriculture. Clear plastic mulch is used in some areas due to its increased soil warming characteristics. Research has shown that white or aluminum reflective mulch also repels aphids which spread some virus diseases in vine crops such as squash. So, mulching can be effective change in increasing horticultural crop production in water scarcity regions.

Keywords

Arid Crop residue Microclimate Mulch Organic matter Polyethylene Semi-arid.

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