RESPONSE OF HYBRID MAIZE TO PLANT DENSITY AND FERTILIZER LEVELS – A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC2513 | Page : 248 - 259
Citation :- RESPONSE OF HYBRID MAIZE TO PLANT DENSITY AND FERTILIZER LEVELS – A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2008.(29):248 - 259
M. Mohamed Amanullah, M. Srikanth*, P. Muthukrishnan and K. Ponnuswamy
Address : Department of Agronomy, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641 003, India

Abstract

Maize is one of the most important cereal crops grown in tropical and temperate regions of the
world. Despite its high yield potential, it is giving low yields because of lack of appropriate
information on plant geometry and fertilizer management. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium
are the major plant nutrients, which limit normal plant growth. Increasing productivity per unit
area through agronomic management is one of the important strategies to increase the production
of maize grain. Keeping this in view, an attempt was carried out to review the work done on the
effect of spacing and fertilizer levels on yield and economics of maize hybrids. In maize, the effect
of plant density and fertilizer levels is well documented. From the review, it is understood that the
response of hybrid maize to plant density and fertilizer requirement varies widely. Summarizing
the review undertaken, it can be concluded that the potential productivity of hybrid maize could be
achieved when it is grown under optimum spacing of 75 x 20 cm and high fertilizer levels of
200:100:100 NPK Kg ha -1 under irrigated condition.

Keywords

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