RESPONSE OF GREEN GRAM [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] TO FERTILIZATION THROUGH SOIL AND FOLIAGE – A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC247 | Page : 71-78
Citation :- RESPONSE OF GREEN GRAM [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] TO FERTILIZATION THROUGH SOIL AND FOLIAGE – A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2013.(34):71-78
K. Sathyamoorthi, M. Mohamed Amanullah*, K. Vaiyapuri, N. Jagathjothi and T. Ananthi aman_agron@yahoo.co.in
Address : Department of Agronomy, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641 003, India

Abstract

Greater emphasis is now laid on increasing the productivity and thereby the total production of pulses in order to mitigate the protein hunger of growing population of our country. Hence, cultivation of high yielding input responsive varieties of green gram is being recommended. In addition to other management practices such as irrigation and plant protection, green gram responds markedly to plant population level and mineral nutrition especially, when applied in balanced amount and by appropriate methods. However, the response of grengram to fertilizer application varies from place to place and variety to variety. Hence, to have an understanding on the works done on so far the literature pertaining to response of greengram to fertilizer application through soil and foliage is reviewed in this article.

Keywords

Foliar Green gram Growth Nutrient management Soil Yield.

References

  1. Ali, A., Malik, M.A., Choudhry, M.A., Siddique M.A. and Rafique, M. (1999). Growth and yield response of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) to different seed rates and levels of phosphorus. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 2: 879-880.
  2. Ardeshna, R.B., Modhwadia, M.M. Khanpara V.D. and Patel, J.C.. (1993). Response of greengram (Phaseolus radiatus) to nitrogen, phosphorus and Rhizobium inoculation. Indian J. Agron., 38(3): 490-492.
  3. Ayub, M., Tanveer, A. Choudhry, M.A. Amin M.M.Z. and Murtaza, G. (1999). Growth and yield response of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) cultivars to varying levels of nitrogen. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 2: 1378-1380.
  4. Ayub, M., Ahmad, R. Tanveer, A. Iqbal J. and Sharar, M.S. (1998). Response of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) to different levels of phosphorus. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 1: 283-284.
  5. Bachchhav, S.M., A.S. Jadhav, T.R.V. Naidu and M.M. Bachchhav. (1994). Effects of irrigation and nitrogen on leaf area, nodulation and drymatter production in summer greengram. J. Maharashtra agric. Univ., 19(2): 211-213.
  6. Badole, W.P. and Umale. S.R. (1994). Effect of seed fortification and graded doses of fertilizers on growth development and yield of greengram (Phaseolus radiatus). Indian J. Agron., 39(4): 645-656.
  7. Balachandran, P.V. and Sasidhar. V.K.(1991). Phosphorus nutrition of greengram. Agric. Res. J. Kerala. 29(1-2): 49-52.
  8. Balaguravaiah, D., Narasmha rao, Y. Adinarayana, V. Narasimha Rao P. and Subba Rao, I.V. (1989). Phosphorus requirement of Greengram. J. Indian Soc. Sci., 37: 738-743.
  9. Bansal, K.N. (1991). Effect of level of sulphur on the yield and composition of soybean (Glycine max (L) Merr.) greengram (Vigna radiata L.), blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) and cowpea (Vigna sinensis L.). Madras agric. J., 78(5-8): 188-190.
  10. Bhatnagar, R.S., Jauhri K.S. and Iswaran, V. (1979). Associative effect of inoculation of Bacillus megatherium var. phosphaticum and homologus. Rhizobium on the yield of Vigna radiata and Glycine max. Legume Res., 2(2): 106-108.
  11. Borah, U.K. and Guha. B. (1994). Studies on input contribution in rainfed summer greengram (Vigna radiata). Ann. Agric. Res., 15(4): 509-511.
  12. Borde, B.K., Mohite, A.V. Kadam, J.R. and Patil. N.D. (1983). Effect of P application through fertilizer and pressmud cake on greengram. J. Maharastra agric. Univ., 8(3): 290-291.
  13. Brar, J.S. and Lal. P.B. (1991). Effect of Rhizobium inoculation, phosphorus and molybdenum on yield and its components in mungbean. Indian Agric., 35(1): 67-69.
  14. Chandra Babu, R., Sadasivam, R. Natarajaratnam, N. and Sreerangasamy. S.R. (1985). Effect of potassium nutrition on growth and yield of blackgram. Madras agric. J., 72(10): 595-596.
  15. Chatterjee, C., Shukla S. and Khurana. N. (1992). Effect of sulphur deficiency on metabolism of greengram (Phasolus radiatus). Indian J. agric. Sci., 62(7): 445-449.
  16. Chaudhry, A.U. and R. Mahmood. (1999). Determination of Optimum Level of Potassium and its Effects on Yield and Quality of Three Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) Cultivars. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 2 (2): 449-4.1.
  17. Dewangan, M.K., N. Pandey and R.S. Tripathi. (1992). Effect of spacing, irrigation and phosphorus on NP concentration and protein yield of summer greengram. Ann. Agric. Res., 13(3): 280-281.
  18. Duke, S.H., M. Collings and R.M. Solenlaske. (1980). Effect of K-fertilization on N-fixation, node enzyme of nitrogen metabolism in greengram. Crop Sci., 20: 213-219.
  19. Ghosh, M.K. and S.A. Joseph. (2008). Influence of biofertilizers, foliar application of DAP and sulphur sources on yield and yield attributes of summer green gram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Legume Res., 31(3): 232-233.
  20. Hamid, A. (1991). Foliar fertilization of nitrogen in mungbean influence of rate and frequency of application. Ann. Bangladesh agric., 1(1): 33-39.
  21. Hussain, F., A. U. Malik, M. A. Haji and A. L. Malghani. (2011). Growth and yield response of two cultivars of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) to different potassium levels. J. Animal and Plant Sci., 21(3): 622-625.
  22. Jat, R.L. and P.S. Rathore. (1994). Effect of sulphur, molybdenum and rhizobium inoculation on greengram (Phaseolus radiatus). Indian J. Agron., 39(4): 651-654.
  23. Kalita, M.M. and B. Kalita. (1992). Effect of phosphorus and lime on green gram (Phaseolus radiatus) – rapeseed (Brassica napus) sequence. Indian J. Agron., 37(1): 151-153.
  24. Kalita, P., S.C. Dey and K. Chandra. (1995). Influence of foliar application of phosphorus and naphthalene acetic acid on nitrogen, dry matter accumulation and yield and greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek.cv. AAU-34). Indian J. Plant Physiol., 38(3): 197-202.
  25. Kamat, V.N., V.G. Kantute, R.B. Puranik, W.S. Kohadkar and R.P. Joshi. (1981). Effect of sulphur and molybdenum application on yield and protein and S-amino acid contents of greengram (Phaseolus aureus). J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 29(2): 225-227.
  26. Khade, V.N., S.A. Khanvilkar and J.H. Dongale (1986). Studies on irrigation and nitrogen requirement of summer mung in lateritic soil. J. Maharashtra agric. Univ., 11(1): 62-65.
  27. Khan, M.A., M.S. Baloch, I. Taj and I. Gandapur, (1999). Effect of phosphorus on the growth and yield of mungbean. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 2: 667-669.
  28. Kumar, R. and S. Singh. (1993). Effect of plant geometry and phosphatic fertilizer on yield of different varieties of greengram. Crop Res., 6(1): 159-161.
  29. Kushwaha, S. and S.S. Singh. (1992). Effect of different levels and methods of phosphorus application on yield of greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek.) cv. Pusa Baisakhi on Indo-Gangetic alluvium. New Agriculturist. 3(1): 103-106.
  30. Luo, Y.J., X.J. Chen and Q.L. Fu. (1995). The nutrient return effect of greengram grown on red earth soil. Field Crop Abstr., (1993). 46(12): 933.
  31. Mehta, U.R. and H.G. Singh. (1979). Response of greengram to sulphur on calcareous soils. Indian J. agric. Sci., 49(9): 703-706.
  32. Ministry of Agriculture. (2010). www.indiastat.com
  33. Nadeem, M.A., R. Ahmad and M. Sarfraz Ahmad. (2004). Effect of seed inoculation and different fertilizer levels on the growth and yield of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). J. agron., 3(1):40-42.
  34. Oad, F.C., A.N. Shah, G.H. Jamro and S.H. Ghaloo, (2003). Phosphorus and potassium requirements of mungbean (Vigna radiata). Pak. J. Applied Sci., 3 (6): 428-431.
  35. Pandrangi, R.B., S.G. Wankhade and R.A. Nasre. (1991). Response of mung (Phaseolus aureus L.) to soil and foliar application of phosphatic and potash fertilizers. Legume Res., 14(4): 187-188.
  36. Panwar, K.S. and R.P.N. Singh. (1981). Irrigation scheduling and phosphate fertilization of summer mung. Pulse Crop News letter. 1: 93-94.
  37. Paroda. A.S., S. Lal and R.C.Singh. (1979). Grow mung during summer season. Indian Farmers Digest. 12:33-35.
  38. Patel, F.M. and L.R. Patel. (1991). Response of greengram varieties to phosphorus and Rhizobium inoculation. Indian J. Agron., 36(1): 102-103.
  39. Patel, H.R., R.G. Patel and S. Raman. (1988). Response of summer greengram to moisture regimes and nitrogen fertilization. Indian J. Agron., 33(1): 102-103.
  40. Patel, J.R. and Z.G. Patel. (1994). Effect of foliar fertilization of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and yield of summer greengram (Phaseolus aureus). Indian J. Agron., 39(4): 578-580.
  41. Patel, L.R., N.M. Selvi and R.H. Patel. (1992). Response of greengram (Phaseolus aureus) varieties to sulphur fertilization under different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. Indian J. Agron., 37(4): 831-833.
  42. Patro, H. and P.N. Sahoo. (1994). Response of mungbean genotypes to phosphorus. Indian J. Pulses Res., 7(2): 191-192.
  43. Qureshi, M. A., M. A. Shakir, A. Iqbal, N. Akhtar and A. Khan. (2011). Co-inoculation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria and rhizobia for improving growth and yield of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). The J. Animal and plant Sci., 21(3): 491-497.
  44. Radhamani, S., A. Balasubramanian and C. Chinnusamy. (2003). Foliar nutrition with growth regulators on the productmty of rainfed greengram. Agric. Sci. Digest. 23(4): 307-308.
  45. Rahman, M.A., N.Islam, M.K. Hassan and M.M.R. Talukder. (2002). Yield performance of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) cv. Barimung-4 as influenced by Rhizobium inoculation and NPK Fertilizers. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 5(2):146-148.
  46. Rahman, M.M. and A.A. Miah. (1988). Mungbean in Bangaladesh – Problems and Prospects. Proc. Second Inter. Symposium on mungbean. Bangkok, Thailand, 16-20 November. 1987: 378-380.
  47. Rajkhowa, D.J., K. Thakuria and S.R. Baroova. (1992). Response of summer greengram (Phaseolus radiatus) varieties to source and level of phosphorus. Indian J. Agron., 37(3): 589-590.
  48. Raju, M.S. and S.C. Varma. (1984). Response of greengram (Vigna radiata) to rhizobial inoculation in relation to fertilizer nitrogen. Legume Res., 7(2): 73-76.
  49. Rao, P.G., A.M. Shrajee, K.R. Rao and T.R.K. Reddy. (1993). Response of greengram (Phaseolus radiatus) cultivars to levels of phosphorus. Indian J. Agron., 38(2): 317-318.
  50. Sadeghipour, O., R. Monem and A.A. Tajali (2010). Production of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) as Affected by Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Application. J. Applied Sci., 10 (10): 843 – 847.
  51. Saraswathy, R., R.Krishnasamy and P. Singaram (2004). Nutrient management for rainfed greengram (Vigna radiata) Madras Agric. J., 91 (4-6): 230-233.
  52. Sarkar, R.K. (1992). Response of summer greengram (Phaseolus radiatus) to irrigatin and phosphorus application. Indian J. Agron., 37(1): 123-125.
  53. Sathyamoorthi, K., M. Mohamed Amanullah, K. Vaiyapuri and E. Somasundaram. (2008a). Growth and yield of greengram (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) as influenced by increased plant density and nutrient management. Internat. J. agric. Sci., 4 (2): 499 – 505.
  54. Sathyamoorthi,K., M. Mohamed Amanullah, E. Somasundaram and K. Vaiyapuri. (2008b). Yield attributes and yield of greengram (vigna radiata (L.) wilczek) as influenced by increased plant density and nutrient management. Internat. J. agric. Sci., 4 (2): 719 – 724.
  55. Sathyamoorthi,K., M. Mohamed Amanullah, E. Somasundaram and K. Vaiyapuri. (2008c). Influence of increased plant density and nutrient management on the yield and economics of greengram (vigna radiata (L.) wilczek). Internat. J. Plant Sci., 3 (2): 450-455.
  56. Sathyamoorthi,K., M. Mohamed Amanullah, E. Somasundaram, K. Vaiyapuri and S. Pazhanivelan. (2008d). Influence of Increased Plant Density and Fertilizer Levels on Physiological Parameters and Yield of Greengram (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Res. J. Agric. and Biol. Sci., 4 (4): 301-309.
  57. Sathyamoorthi,K., M. Mohamed Amanullah, E. Somasundaram, S. Pazhanivelan and K. Vaiyapuri. (2008e). Root growth and yield of greengram (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) as influenced by increased plant density and Nutrient Management. J. Applied Sci. Res., 4 (7): 917-924.
  58. Sathyamoorthi,K., M. Mohamed Amanullah, K. Vaiyapuri and E. Somasundaram. (2007). Influence of Increased Plant Density and Fertilizer Application on the Nutrient Uptake and Yield of Greengram (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Res. J. Agric. and Biol. Sci., 3 (6): 886 – 895.
  59. Saxena, K.K., H.R. Verma and H.K. Sexena. (1996). Effect of phosphorus and potassium on greengram (Phaseolus radiatus). Indian J. Agron., 41(1): 84-87.
  60. Sharar, M.S., M. Ayub, M. Adil Choudhry, M.A. Rana and M.M.Z. Amin. (1999). Growth and yield response of two cultivars of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) to various levels of phosphorus. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 2(4): 1385-1386.
  61. Sharma, B.M. J.S.P. Yadav and R.K. Rajput. (1984). Effect of irrigation and phosphorus application on available phosphorus in soil and on grain yield of moong. Indian J. Agron., 29(1): 107-112.
  62. Sharma, K.L., K. Srinivas, U.K. Mandal, K.P.R. Vittal, J. K. Grace and G.R. Maruthi Sankar. (2004). Integrated nutrient management strategies for sorghum and greengram in semi-arid tropical alfisol. Indian J. Dryland Agric. Res. & Dev., 19(1): 13-23.
  63. Shukla, S.K. and R.S. Dixit. (1996). Nutrient and plant-population management in summer greengram (Phaseolus radiatus). Indian J. Agron., 41(1): 78-83.
  64. Singh, D. and M. Singh. (1991). Response of mungbean to phosphorus. Indian J. Pulses Res., 4(1): 113-114.
  65. Singh, H., P.S. R athore and A.L. Mali. (1994 a). Influence of phosphate and inoculation on nutrient uptake recovery and response of applied P on greengram (Phaseolus radiatus). Indian J. Agron., 39(2): 316-318.
  66. Singh, K.N., A.S. Bali, M.H. Shah and B.A. Khanday. (1991). Effect of spacing and seed rate on yield of greengram (Phaseolus radiatus) in Kashmir valley. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 61(5): 326-327.
  67. Singh, R.A. (2007). Integrated nutrient management in green gram (Phaseolus radiatus) Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) - summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) cropping system. Internat. J. Agric. Sci., 3(2): 263-268
  68. Singh, S.K., Room Singh and S. Singh. (1994 b). Yield and yield attributes of greengram (Phaseolus radiatus) in response to sulphur level. Indian J. agric. Sci., 64(6): 390-391.
  69. Singh, V.P., A. Chhabra and R.P.S. Kharb. (1988). Production and utilization of mungbean in India. In: S. Shanmugasundaram (ed.). Second international mungbean symposium proceedings. AVRDC, Shanhua, Tainan, Taiwan. p. 486-497.
  70. Sinha, S.K. (1973). Effect of seed incubation with Rhizobium and phosphorus application on mungbean yield. Indian J. Genetics. 34A: 988-994.
  71. Srivasatava, S.N.L. and Varma. S.C. (1981). Effect of biological and inorganic fertilization on the yield and yield attributes of greengram (Phaseolus aureus) Indian J. agric. Res., 15(1): 25-29.
  72. Srivastava, S.N.L. and S.C. Varma. (1982). Effect of bacterial and inorganic gertilization on the growth, nodulation and quality ogreengram. Indian J. Agric. Res.,16(4): 223-229.
  73. Tandon, H.L.S. (1987). Phosphorus research and agriculture production in India. Fertilizer Development and Consultation of Organization, New Delhi.
  74. Tandon, H.L.S. (1995). Sulphur fertilizers for Indian Agriculture – A guide book. Fertilizer Development and Consultation Organization, New Delhi. P.3.
  75. Tariq, M., A. Khaliq and M. Umar, (2001). Effect of phosphorus and potassium application on growth and yield of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). J. Biol. Sci., 1: 427-428.
  76. Thakur, V.R., D.G. Giri and J.P. Deshmukh. (1996). Influence of different souirces and leaves of phosphorus on yield and uptake of green gram (Vigna radiata L.) Ann. Plant Physiol., 10(2): 145-147.
  77. Thakuria, K. and P. Saharia. (1990). Response of green gram genotypes to plant density and phosphorus level in summer. Indian J. Agron., 35(4): 431-432.
  78. Thimmegowda, S. (1983). Nitrogen nutrition to green gram (Phaseolus aureus L.). Acta Agronomica. 32: 139-142.
  79. Venkateswarlu, M.S., G. Subbaish and G.H. Sankara Reddi. (1983). Effect of spacings and fertility levels on growth and yield of greengram. Andhra agric. J., 30(1): 29-32.

Global Footprints