Article Id: ARCC243 | Page : 21-35
Bijay Kumar Chaudhari*, Mahendra Singh, P.K. Maurya, A.K. Singh and J.K. Singh1
Address : National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal- 132 001, India


India has acquired the distinction of being the highest milk producing country in the world since 1998 with an annual growth rate of 4-5 %.  The estimated milk production in India is about 110 million tons (2008-09).   Buffaloes contribute about 55 % of the total milk production and occupy an important place in the agricultural economy of India due to its better adaptability to harsh climatic conditions, tolerance to tropical diseases and survival under poor crop residue feeding and management practices (Gupta, 1997; Indian Dairyman, 2010).  Inspite of this the inherent potential of buffalo productivity can be augmented by appropriate measures to alleviate heat stress. The best way to deal with heat stress is to take the managemental measures to ameliorate its detrimental effects. In the recent time a number of plasma and milk biomarkers have been identified which could be used to find out the stress condition in animals. The present review discusses the various biomarkers and their application to further augment the milk production of buffaloes under tropical climatic conditions.


Antioxidants Heat stress Milk hormones Milk temperature Plasma Physiological responses.


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