STRIDING TOWARDS AEROBIC RICE CULTIVATION - A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC2107 | Page : 213-218
Citation :- STRIDING TOWARDS AEROBIC RICE CULTIVATION - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2009.(30):213-218
D. Rajakumar, E. Subramanian1, T. Ramesh2, N. Maragatham2 G. James Martin and G. Thiyagarajan
Address : Water Technology Centre Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore- 641 003, India

Abstract

Rice research in India during the last century has resulted in the development of
important technologies, adoption of which has helped in keeping rice production growth
rate ahead of the population growth rate. However, the appalling paucity of water
threatens the sustainability of the irrigated rice ecosystem these days. Such water shortage
in many rice growing areas is prompting a search for production systems that use less
water to produce rice. Though several strategies are being pursued to save water in
irrigated rice ecosystem, water losses still hang on high since all those systems use
prolonged periods of flooding. Aerobic rice systems, wherein the crop is established via
direct seeding in unpuddled, non flooded fields and managed intensively as an upland
crop, are among the most promising approaches of water saving. Achieving higher rice
grain yields under irrigated aerobic conditions requires better weed management practices
and effective utilization of resources that reduce the cost of cultivation. Hence, the
research to improve aerobic rice yields should focus on primarily on efficient weed
management to make rice cultivation more efficient in terms of returns on farmer
investments and use of water resources.

Keywords

Aerobic rice Transformation Evolution.

References

  1. Akita, S. (1992). Farm. Jpn., 26 (1): 20–26.
  2. Balasubramanian, V. and Hill J.E. (2002). In: Proc. Int. Workshop on Direct Seeding in Asian Rice System, 25-28, January 2000, Bangkok, Thailand: IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, p. 38.
  3. Bhagat, R.M. et al. (1996). Agric. Water Manage., 31: 165-184.
  4. Bhuiyan, S.I. et al. (1994). In: Int. Workshop on Constraints, Opportunities and Innovations for Wet
  5. Seeded Rice, Bangkok, May 31-June 3, p. 19.
  6. Blackwell, J. et al. (1985). Aust. J. Exp. Agric., 25: 636–641
  7. Borell, A. et al. (1997). Field Crops Res., 52: 231–248.
  8. Bouman, B.A.M. (2001). IRRN, 16 (2): 17-22.
  9. Bouman, B.A.M. and Tuong, T.P. (2001). Agric. Water Manage., 49 (1&2): 11-30.
  10. Cabangona, R.J. et al. (2002). Agric. Water Manage., 57 (1): 11–31
  11. Carriger, S. and Vallee, D. (2007). Rice Today, 6 (2): 10-13.
  12. Castaneda, A.R. et al. (2002). In: Water- wise Rice Production. (Bouman, B.A.M. et al., Eds.) IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines. pp.124-129.
  13. Courtois, B. and Lafitte, R. (1999). In: Genetic Improvement of Rice for Water Limited Environments.
  14. (Ito, O. et al., Eds.), IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, pp. 35-56.
  15. De Datta, S.K. (1986). Fertilizer Res., 9 (1-2): 171-186.
  16. De Datta, S.K. and Flinn, J.C. (1986). In: Proc. 10th Conf. Asian Pacific, Weed Sci. Soc., Thailand, pp. 51-74.
  17. George, T. et al. (2002). Agron. J., 94 (5): 981–989.
  18. Guimaraes, E.P. and Stone, L.F. (2000). In: Proc. Aerobic Rice Workshop, September 7-8, IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines.
  19. Lafitte, R.H. et al. (2002). Field Crops Res., 75 (2): 171–190.
  20. Lantican, M.A. et al. (1999). Exp. Agric., 35 (2): 127–140.
  21. Li, Y. (2001). In: Proc. Int. Workshop, March 23-25, International Water Management Institute, Wuhan, China.
  22. Lin, S. et al. (2002). In: Proc. Int. Workshop on Water wise Rice Production, 8-11 April 2002, Los Banos,
  23. Philippines, IRRI. pp. 187-196.
  24. Mahmood, N. et al. (2002). Asian J. Plant Sci., 1 (2): 144-145.
  25. 218 AGRICUTURAL REVIEWS
  26. Mc Cauley, G. N. (1990). Agron. J., 82 (4): 677–683.
  27. My, T.V. et al. (1995). In: A Partnership in Rice Research (Denning, G.L. et al. Eds.), IRRI, Manila, Philippines and Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 111-122.
  28. Pandey, N. et al. (2000). Oryza, 37 (1): 60-62.
  29. Pandey, S. (1995). In: Proc. Constraints, Opportunities and Innovations for Wet Seeded Rice. (Moody, K. Ed.), IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines. pp. 73-84.
  30. Pandey, S. and Velasco, L. (1999). IRRN, 24 (2): 6-11.
  31. Rai, M. (2006). In: Abstracts of 26th International Rice Research Conference, 2nd International Rice
  32. Congress, New Delhi. p.2.
  33. Santhi, P. et al. (1999). Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 47 (3): 305-312.
  34. Sharma, P.K. et al. (2002). In: Proc. Int. Workshop on Water-wise Rice Production, 8–11 April 2002. IRRI,
  35. Los Banos, Philippines, pp. 223-36.
  36. Singh, B. et al. (2006). In: Extended summaries, Golden Jubilee National Symposium on “Conservation nAgriculture and Environment”, October 26-28, 2006. Indian Society of Agronomy, Division of Agronomy, IARI, New Delhi. pp. 332-333.
  37. Stoop, W. et al. (2002). Agric. Syst., 71 (3): 249–274.
  38. Tabbal, D.F. et al. (2002). Agric. Water Manage., 56 (2): 93–112.
  39. Tuong, T. P. and Bhuiyan, S. I. (1999). Agric. Water Manage., 40 (1): 117-122.
  40. Tuong, T.P. et al. (2000). Plant Prod. Sci., 3 (2): 164-172.
  41. Tuong, T.P. et al. (2005). Plant Prod. Sci., 8 (3): 231–241.
  42. Tuong, T. P. and Bouman, B. A. M. (2003). In: Water Productivity in Agriculture: Limits and Opportunities for Improvement. CABI Publishing, UK, pp. 53–67.
  43. Wang, H. et al. (2002). In: Proc. Int. Workshop on Water-wise Rice Production, 8–11 April 2002. IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, pp. 143–154.
  44. Wang, H. and S. Tang (2002). In: Proc. Upland Rice Research Consortium Meeting, Sep. 4-8, 2000. IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines.
  45. Westcott, M. P. and Vines, K. W. (1986). Agron. J., 78 (4): 637-640.

Global Footprints