NITROUS OXIDE EMISSION FROM SOILS - AREVIEW

Article Id: ARCC2093 | Page : 94 - 107
Citation :- NITROUS OXIDE EMISSION FROM SOILS - AREVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2009.(30):94 - 107
M.Sangeetha, R.Jayakumar and C.Bharathi
Address : Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, India.

Abstract

Nitrous oxide is produced in soils by denitrification and nitrification processes. It is
affected by many physical and biochemical factors i.e. aeration/moisture status of the
soil, nature and amount of organic matter, nitrate concentration, pH and texture. These
factors interact with microorganisms on a microscale level in the soil, creating a large
variation in denitrification and influence N20/N ratio. Management practices suggested
to mitigate nitrous oxide emission from soils are matching nitrogen supply with crop
demand, use of controlled release fertilizers, use of nitrification inhibitors, optimization
of tillage, irrigation and drainage etc, which are all having the potential to improve
nitrogen use efficiency.

Keywords

Nitrous oxide Emission Soil.

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