POTENTIALS OF GREEN MANURE IN INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT FOR RICE – A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC2087 | Page : 40 - 47
Citation :- POTENTIALS OF GREEN MANURE IN INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT FOR RICE – A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2009.(30):40 - 47
R.V. Selvi and R. Kalpana
Address : Department of Agronomy Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641003, India

Abstract

The agriculture of the modern chemical era concentrates on maximum output but overlooks input
efficiency as a result of which it has not been sustainable. Stagnation in maximum yield potential during
the recent years in crops like rice and wheat is a real concern for agricultural scientists and professional
technocrats. Undoubtedly the decreasing rate of increase in cereal production is mainly attributed to too
much dependence on inorganic fertilizers mainly high analysis fertilizers. Under high input production
systems where productivity cannot be further increased with incremental use of mineral fertilizers alone,
addition of organic sources could increase yields through increased soil productivity and higher fertilizer
use efficiency. Green manuring of rice is a well established practice and saving of fertilizer N through
green manuring ranged from 30 to 100 kg N ha-1. The magnitude of leaching, denitrification and NH3
volatilization losses are lower for green manure-N than for fertilizer-N. In addition, green manures provide
N and other mineral nutrients for the immediate need of the growing rice crop and improve soil physical
and chemical properties. There was considerable build up of soil organic carbon content due to the
addition of organic N sources especially green manures. Combined application of fertilizer and green
manure increased the efficiency of each other. The past research on these aspects would enable scientists
working on green manures and hence reviewed here under.

Keywords

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