ROLE OF SECRETED PHOSPHOPROTEIN 1 (SPP1) GENE IN BOVINES– A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC1353 | Page : 184 - 193
Citation :- ROLE OF SECRETED PHOSPHOPROTEIN 1 (SPP1) GENE IN BOVINES– A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2010.(31):184 - 193
D. Chakraborty, Ashwani Sharma, M.S. Tantia1 Avtar Singh and H.M. Yathish
Address : Dairy Cattle Breeding Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal- 132 001, India

Abstract

Secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) popularly known as osteopontin (OPN) is a highly
phosphorylated glycoprotein that is a prominent component of the mineralized extracellular
matrices of bones and teeth. It is found in milk, plasma, urine and expressed in several tissues.
Comparative sequence analysis of the bovine OPN cDNA in various species has revealed both
conserved and non-conserved sequences. This gene is located in BTA 6 and having 7 exons.
SPP1 gene has roles in bone mineralization, cancer metastasis, cell-mediated immune responses,
inflammation and cell attachment. Polymorphisms in cattle and buffaloes were reported by various
workers. SPP1 gene has potent roles in growth, production and reproduction of the animals.
This gene is said to be associated with various traits like milk yield and milk compositions,
growth and body weight, stillbirth and dystocia, mastitis and infections in bovine. OPN is reported
to upregulate and promote the expression and secretion of Th1 cytokines. SPP1 variants are
associated with mastitis resistance. SPP1 is involved in muscle regeneration after injury. There is
increase in SPP1 expression in subclinical cows compared to control cows in Johne’s disease.
OPN has an important anti-apoptotic factor in many circumstances. As SPP1 gene is a good
candidate gene for traits like stillbirth, dystocia, protein percentage of milk, twinning rate etc, it
has great potential to be used in marker assisted selection and hence in improving genetic progress
in cattle breeding.

Keywords

Secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1 gene) Osteopontin(OPN gene) Polymorphism Association Stillbirth Dystocia

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