EFFECT OF PLASTIC MULCH ON SOIL PROPERTIES AND CROP GROWTH - A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC1349 | Page : 145 - 149
Citation :- EFFECT OF PLASTIC MULCH ON SOIL PROPERTIES AND CROP GROWTH - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2010.(31):145 - 149
M. Lalitha. V. Kasthuri Thilagam, N. Balakrishnan and Mostafa Mansour
Address : Dept. of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemsitry, Tamil Nadu Agric. Univercity, Coimbatore - 641 003, India.

Abstract

The term plasticulture is defined as the use of plastics in agriculture. The use of plasticulture
in the production of crops helps to mitigate the extreme fluctuations in weather, especially
temperature, rainfall and wind. Indian agriculture is known for its multi-functionalities of providing
employment, livelihood, food, nutritional and ecological securities. So the adoption of modern
technology to overcome natural constraints to successful agriculture with limited water resourcesis
essential In this context, mulching may prove beneficial for crop growth because of complex
change in soil environment through modifying soil temperature, reduction in evaporation, weed
competition, soil compaction and erosion. Plastic mulch is a product used, in a similar fashion
to mulch, to suppress weeds and conserve water in crop production. Under plastic mulch, soil
properties like soil temperature, moisture content, bulk density, aggregate stability and nutrient
availability have been improved. Plant growth and yield also positively influenced by the plastic
mulch due to the modification of soil microclimate.

Keywords

Mulch Plastic mulch Soil properties Corp growth.

References

  1. Aniekwe, N.L et al. (2004). Tropicultura. 22:185–190.
  2. Anikwe, M.A.N et al. (2007). Soil and Tillage Research. 93 : 264-272.
  3. Coleman, E. (1995). The New Organic Grower: A Master’s Manual of Tools and Techniques for the Home and Market
  4. Gardener. 2nd Edition, Chelsea Green Publishing, Lebanon.
  5. Devi Dayal, et al. (1991). Groundnut News. 3: 4.
  6. Diaz-Perez, J.C et al. (2003). Hort. Science. 38:395-399.
  7. Emmert, E. (1957). Proc: Black polyethylene for mulching vegetables. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 69: 464-469.
  8. Gimenez, C et al. (2002). Scientia Hort., 94:1-11.
  9. Hemphill, D.D and Crabtree, G.D. (1988). J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 113: 41-45.
  10. Hu.S et al. (1995). Int. Arachis Newsletter. 15: 1-22.
  11. Jenni, S et al. (1996). J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 121: 274-280.
  12. Kwabiah, A. B. (2004). Scientia Hort., 102 : 147-166.
  13. Lamont, W.J. (1999). Bulletin on Vegetable production using plasticulture. Food and Fertilizer Centre. Food and Fertilizer Centre.
  14. Li, F.M et al. (1995). Chin. J. Appl. Ecol., 6 (3): 259-264.
  15. Li, F. M and Zhao, S. L. (1997). Chin. J. Appl. Ecol., 8 (1): 104-109.
  16. Li, F. M et al. (1997). Chin. J. Appl. Ecol., 8 : 575-579.
  17. Li, F. M et al. (1999). Field Crops Research. 63: 79-86.
  18. Li, F. M et al. (2001). Sci. Agric. Sin., 34: 330-333.
  19. Li, F. M et al. (2004). Soil and Tillage Research. 78 (1): 9-20.
  20. Li, F. M et al. (2000). Acta Ecol. Sin., 20 : 510-513.
  21. Liakatas, A.J et al. (1986). Agric. Meteorol., 36: 227-239.
  22. Ramakrishna, A et al. (2006). Field Crops Res., 95: 115-125.
  23. Rangarajan et al. (2003). Alternative Mulch Products. Cornell University.
  24. Vol. 31, No. 2, 2010 149
  25. Romic, D et al. (2003). Agricultural Water Management. 60: 87-97.
  26. Schales, F.D and Sheldrake, R. (1965). J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 88: 425-430.
  27. Schales, F.D and Sheldrake, R. (1963). Mulch effect on soil conditions and tomato plant response, Proceeding of the
  28. Fourth National Agricultural plastic congress ,MI, USA .
  29. Soltani, N et al. (1995). J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 120: 1001-1009.
  30. Tisdale et al. (1990). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers, Maxwell Macmillan International Editions.
  31. Van der Meulen, E. S et al. (2006). J. Am. Soc. Soil Sci., 70: 930-939.
  32. Vazquez, N et al. (2006). Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment. 112: 313-323.
  33. Voorhees, W. B et al. (1981). Amer. Soc. of Agr. Eng., 4: 234-256.
  34. Waggoner, P. E et al., (1960). Bulletin on Plastic mulching: Principles and benefits. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment
  35. Station, New Haven.
  36. Wien, H.C and Minotti, P.L. (1987). J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 112: 759-763.
  37. Wolfe, D.W et al. (1989). J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 114: 562-568.
  38. Zhao, S.L et al. (1995). Acta. Botan. Boreali-Occidental. Sin., 15 (8): 9-12

Global Footprints