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IN VITRO MUTATION IN HORTICULTURAL CROPS- A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC1338
Citation :- IN VITRO MUTATION IN HORTICULTURAL CROPS- A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2010.(31)
M. Velmurugan,* K. Rajamani, P. Paramaguru, R. Gnanam, J.R. Kannan Bapu, C. Harisudan and P. Hemalatha
Address : Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641 003, India

Abstract

In vitro mutation can create novel and unique variations when the natural variability does not
provide the genes for the desired trait. The creation of variability is the starting point in any breeding
programme of an agronomically accepted cultivar rather than a genetic stock of no direct commercial
value with many undesirable attributes. In in vitro mutation, the LD50 value for shoot tip explants
was 2.00 kR gamma rays and 750 mM EMS. Similarly, the LD50 value for callus culture was 1.0 kR
gamma rays and 200 mM EMS. The callus derived in vitro mutants exerted negative genotypic and
phenotypic correlation was expressed by forskolin content. The work on in vitro mutation in different
horticultural crops has been reviewed in this article

Keywords

Mutation Horticultural crops.

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