Indian Journal Of Animal Research
Publish
your articles with us

Quick Facts



Payment Options

payment portals

Click here to pay directly

Genetic analysis of milk production efficiency traits in Jersey crossbred cattle

Poonam Ratwan, Ajoy Mandal, Manoj Kumar and A.K. Chakravarty

Dairy Cattle Breeding Section, Eastern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Kalyani-741 235, Nadia, India.

punam.ratwan@gmail.com

Page Range:
644-647
Article ID:
B-3110
Online Published:
6-11-2015
Abstract

Present study was carried out with the aim to determine the effect of genetic and non-genetic factors on milk production efficiency traits and their genetic control. Data on milk production efficiency traits i.e. total milk yield per day of lactation length and total milk yield per day of calving interval in Jersey crossbred animals maintained at organized herd of ICARNational Dairy Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal spread over 29 years (1986- 2014) were analyzed in the study. The overall least-squares means of total milk yield per day of lactation length and total milk yield per day of calving interval were estimated as 6.97±0.21 and 6.02±0.23 kg/day, respectively. The data was grouped into different sub-classes of season of calving, period of calving, parity and genetic group of animals. The random effect of sire had shown significant (p<0.01) influence on milk production efficiency traits. Various environment factors significantly affected the milk production efficiency traits indicating the scope of improvement in management of these crossbred animals. The heritability estimates of 0.54 for TMY/LL and 0.63 for TMY/CI were high in magnitude which suggests that fast genetic progress can be made, if these animals are selected based on the milk production efficiency traits.

Keywords
Crossbred cattle, Genetic factors, Heritability, Milk production efficiency traits, Non-genetic factors.
References
  1. Das, D., Goswami, R.N., Deka, D. and Mili D.C. (2002). Genetic and non-genetic factors affecting the lactation milk yield
  2. and lactation length of Jersey and Red Dane cattle. Indian J. Anim. Health., 41: 137-140.
  3. Gandhi, R.S. and Gurnani, M. (1992). Ranking of Sahiwal sires on the basis of production efficiency traits. Indian J. Dairy
  4. Sci., 45: 444-448.
  5. Haile, A., Joshi, B.K., Ayalew, W., Tegegne, A. and Singh, A. (2009). Genetic evaluation of Ethiopian Boran cattle and
  6. their crosses with Holstein Friesian in central Ethiopia: milk production traits. Animal, 3: 486-493.
  7. Harvey, W.R. (1990). Guide for LSMLMW, PC-1 Version, mixed model least squares and maximum likelihood computer
  8. programme. Mimeograph Ohio State University, USA
  9. Japheth, K.P., Mehla, R.K., Imtiwati and Bhat, S.A. (2015). Effect of non-genetic factors on various economic traits in
  10. Karan Fries crossbred cattle. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 68: 163-169.
  11. Kramer, C.Y. (1957). Extension of multiple range tests to group correlated adjusted means. Biometrics, 13: 13-18.
  12. Lakshmi, S.B., Gupta, B.R., Prakash, M.G., Sudhakar, K. and Sharma, S. (2009). Genetic analysis of production performance
  13. of Holstein Friesian × Sahiwal cows. Tamilnadu J. Vet. & Anim. Sci., 5: 143-148.
  14. Lakshmi, S.B., Gupta, B.R., Prakash, M.G., Sudhakar, K. and Sharma, S. (2010). Genetic analysis of the production
  15. performance of Frieswal cattle. Tamilnadu J. Vet. & Anim. Sci., 6: 215-222.
  16. Nyamushamba, G.B., Chikwanda, D., Matondi, G.H.M., Marandure, T., Mamutse, J., Tavirimirwa, B., Banana, N.Y.D. and
  17. Dhliwayo, M. (2014). The effect of non-genetic factors on milk yield and composition of Red Dane cattle in
  18. Zimbabwe. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 26(5).
  19. Saha, S., Joshi, B.K. and Singh, A. (2010). Generation wise genetic evaluation of various first lactation traits and herd life
  20. in Karan Fries cattle. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 80: 451-456.
  21. Singh, M.K. and Gurnani, M. (2004). Performance evaluation of Karan Fries and Karan Swiss Cattle under closed breeding
  22. system. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 17: 1-6.
  23. 4 INDIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL RESEARCH
  24. Singh, V.K., Singh, C.V., Kumar, D. (2005). Genetic analysis of milk producing efficiency traits in crossbred cattle. Indian
  25. J. Anim. Sci., 75: 37-40.
  26. Singh, N.P., Yadav, M.C., Kushwaha, B.P. and Sachan, C.B. (2006). Factors affecting milk production efficiency traits in
  27. Holstein × Sahiwal crosses. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 59: 172-176.
  28. Singh, S., Das, A.K., Taggar, R.K., Chakraborty, D. and Kumar, N. (2013). Effect of genetic and non-genetic factors on
  29. production traits of Frieswal (Holstein Friesian×Sahiwal) crossbred cows. Indian J. Vet. Res., 22: 63-66.
  30. Tekereli, M. and Gundogan, M. (2005). Effect of certain factors on productive and reproductive efficiency traits and
  31. phenotypic relationships among these traits and repeatabilities in West Anatolian Holsteins. Turk. J. Vet. Anim.
  32. Sci., 29: 17-22.
  33. Verma, N. and Thakur, Y.P. (2013). Effect of genetic and non-genetic factors on production efficiency traits of Red Sindhi
  34. × Jersey crossbred cows maintained under sub-temperate Indian conditions. Livest. Res. Internat., 1: 58-60.
Global footprints


© 2015 ARCC JOURNALS. All Rights Reserved. Powered By ARCC JOURNALS