Indian Journal Of Animal Research
Publish
your articles with us

Quick Facts



Payment Options

payment portals

Click here to pay directly

EFFECT OF FEEDING ACACIA NILOTICA PODS ON BODY WEIGHT, MILK YIELD AND MILK COMPOSITION IN LACTATING GOATS

Raju Kushwaha* S.N. Rai and A.K. Singh1
Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132001, India
rajuvet15@gmail.com

DOI:
Page Range:
366 - 370
Article ID:
ARCC481
Online Published:
Abstract
Twenty one lactating goats were divided into three groups of seven each and fed with three different diets in the ratio of 50:50, concentrate : roughage. Acacia nilotica pods  were incorporated @ 0, 33 and 50 % in concentrate mixture equivalent to tannin concentration of 0, 3 and 4.5 % in the total mixed ration (TMR) I, II and III respectively. Native babul pods were supplemented in group II while in group III, it was treated with 3% Ca (OH)2 before supplementation. The overall body weight during 9 fortnights revealed that body weight gain was similar amongst all the three groups. The overall DMI (kg/d) in different treatments remained similar during whole experimental period. Fortnightly milk and 4% FCM yields were non-significantly higher in TMR II than control. However, fortnightly milk composition was similar among the treatment groups. It is concluded that Acacia nilotica pods may be incorporated up to 33% in concentrate mixture of lactating goats without affecting milk production and its composition and it may be increased up to 50% by treating with Ca (OH)2 before use.
Keywords
Acacia nilotica, Tannin, Milk yield, Milk composition, Lactating goat.
References
  1. AOAC. (1996). Official Methods of Analysis, 15th Edition, (Eds. Kenneth Helrich) Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Inc., Suite 400, 2200 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA.
  2. Barman, K. (2004). Biodegradation of tanniniferous feeds and their influence on nutrient utilization and productivity of dairy animals. Ph.D. Thesis. Submitted to NDRI (Deemed University), Karnal, Haryana.
  3. Barman, K. and Rai, S.N. (2008). Utilization of tanniniferous feeds. 5. Effect of supplementation of Acacia nilotica pods on productive performances of crossbred cows. Indian. J. Anim. Sci. 78 : 197-202.
  4. Bayssa, M., (2006). Detoxification of tannins in Acacia nilotica pods on in vitro nutrient digestibility and milk production in lactating goats. M.Sc. Thesis, NDRI (Deemed University), Karnal, Haryana.
  5. Brody, S., (1945). In: Bioenergetics and Growth, Reinhold Publ. Corporation, New York, USA.
  6. Dubey, D., (2007). Studies on degradation of tannins from Acacia nilotica pods and their influence on nutrient utilization, milk production and reproduction in dairy animals. Ph.D Thesis, NDRI (Deemed University ), Karnal, Haryana.
  7. Errante, J., Barbera, S. and Baldi, C. (1998). Use of hydrolysable tannins in high productive dairy cattle diets. Krmive, 40: 257-261.
  8. Harris, S. L., Clark, A. D. and Laboyrie, P. J. (1998). Birdsfoot trefoil- an alternative legume for New Zealand dairy pastures. Proc. N. Z. Grassland Soc. 60: 99-103.
  9. Jumah, H. F., Poulton, B. R. and Agar, W. B. (1965). Energy and protein utilization during lactation. J. Dairy Sci.
  10. 48: 1210-1214.
  11. NRC, (1981). Nutrient Requirement of Goats: Angora Dairy and Meat Goats in temperate and tropical countries. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.
  12. Rai, S. N. and Shukla, P. C. (1979). Effect of feeding deoiled salseed meal (DSSM) with urea and molasses diets to milch cows on quantity and quality of milk and blood metabolites. GAU Research J.S, 1479.
  13. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1989). Statistical Methods, 8th Edition, Iowa University press, Ames, Iowa (USA).
  14. Tandon, M. (2009). Studies on Acacia nilotica pods replacing energy sources in ration of dairy cows on production performance and neutraceutical value of milk and milk products. Ph.D Thesis. NDRI (Deemed University ) Karnal, Haryana.
  15. Tyrrell, H. I. and Reid, J. T. (1965). Prediction of the energy value of cow’s milk. J. Dairy Sci., 48: 1215-1223.
Global footprints


© 2015 ARCC JOURNALS. All Rights Reserved. Powered By ARCC JOURNALS