Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research
Publish
your articles with us

Quick Facts



Payment Options

payment portals

Click here to pay directly

EFFECT OF PRE-HARVEST SPRAY ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIO-CHEMICAL CHANGES IN BHENDI FRUITS UNDER STORAGE

P. Balasubramanian1, G. Balakrishnamoorthy, V. Sivakumar2 and R. Balakumbahan3
Horticultural College and Research Institute Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641 003, India

DOI:
Page Range:
84 - 87
Article ID:
ARCC1105
Online Published:
Abstract
Studies were conducted on the influence of pre harvest sprays on the physiological and biochemical changes of bhendi fruits (Cv. Arka Anamika) under storage.  The response of bhendi fruits to pre-harvest spray on physiological loss in weight, ascorbic acid, crude fibre content and fruit freshness score were assessed. Among the pre-harvest spray of chemicals, CaCl2 (0.5%) has extended the shelf life of fruit for 10 days as against the control which started decaying from 6 day onwards. Similar trend was also observed for GA3 spray. A pre-harvest spray of 0.5 per cent CaCl2 decreased the ascorbic content from 7.12 (Day 2) to 2.02 (Day 10). This trend of response was not seen in GA3 treated fruits which decayed within 6 days after storage and behaved similar to control plants. In contrast to the ascorbic content, the crude fibre progressively increased with the advancement of storage period both in control and GA3 sprayed fruits which had increased the fibre content slightly that coincides with the extention of storage within 6 days. The treatment that has received pre-harvest foliar spray of 0.5 per cent CaCl2 (T6) had maintain higher score for an extended period of storage for 10 days.
Keywords
Pre-harvest spray, Physiological changes, Bio-chemical, Changes, Bhendi, Storage.
References
  1. A.O.A.C. (1975). Official Methods of Analysis. 12th edition Association of official analytical chemists. Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  2. Rao, V.K. and Ranganath S. (1988). Onion exports. Food Digest, 18 (2): 75.
  3. Ray, S.K.D. (2002). Preharvest application of calcium compounds on storage behaviour of tomato cultivars (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). J. Interacademicia, 6: 290-295.
  4. Sams, E. and Conway S. (1993). Postharvest calcium infiltration improves fresh and processing quality of apples. Acta Hort., 326: 123-129.
  5. Shanmugasundaram S. (2004). Survey of Indian agriculture. Pp:126-127.
  6. Singh, P., Tripathi R.D. and Singh H.N. (1974). Effect of age of picking on the chemical composition of the fruits of okra. Indian J. Agri. Sci., 74: 486-491.
  7. Subbiah, K. (1994). Firmness index of tomato as influenced by added N, K, and CaCl2 sprays. Madras Agri. J., 81: 32-33.
  8. Subbiah, K. and Rani Perumal. (1994a). Studies on the effect of N, K and CaCl2 on fruit cracking, skin thickness and density of tomato. Madras Agri. J., 81: 138-140..
  9. Vijay Kumar and Ray, N. (2000). Effect of plant growth regulators on cauliflower cv. Pant Subhra. Orissa J. Hort., 28: 65-67.
  10. Yadav, J.S. (2003). Postharvest losses in fruits and vegetables. Survey of Indian agriculture. Pp: 93-98.
Global footprints


© 2015 ARCC JOURNALS. All Rights Reserved. Powered By ARCC JOURNALS