Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research
Publish
your articles with us

Quick Facts



Payment Options

payment portals

Click here to pay directly

Effect of planting density and number of seedlings per hill on certain yield and quality traits in rice

Tejbir Singh* and K.C. Upadhyay
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Kisan P. G. College, Simbhaoli-245 207, India.
drtejbir@yahoo.com

Page Range:
270-273
Article ID:
A-4129
Online Published:
Abstract
The present study was initiated for two consecutive years to find out the effect of planting density and number of seedlings per hill on certain yield and quality traits in rice. The experiment was laid out in split-split plot design with three replications as number of seedlings per hill as main plot, planting density as sub-plot and variety as sub-sub plot. It was concluded that the increase in planting density from 33 plants/m2 to 67 plants/m2 increased the milling recovery and head rice recovery in all cases. Further, milling recovery and head rice recovery significantly increased with increase in number of seedlings planted per hill from 1 to 3, suggesting that with higher number of main tillers contribute to higher milling and head rice recovery.The economic benefit for all the varieties was highest at S2D1 (2 seedlings / hill and 33 hill / m2) in all the cases, which was mainly due to optimum head rice yield and lower seed cost at this treatment. Further, maximum ear bearing tillers (EBT), fertile spikelets per panicle and grain yield was observed with one seedling / hill.
Keywords
Milling and head rice recovery, Planting density, Rice, Seedlings / hill.
References
  1. Ashraf, A.; Khalid, A. and Ali, K. (1999). Effect of seedling age and density on growth and yield of rice in saline soil. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 2: 860-862.
  2. Baloch, M.S.; Awan, I.U.; Hasan, G.; Khan, M.A.; Ahmad, K. and Sulemani, M.Z. (2004). Quantitative assessment of social and some input variables relating to rice production in Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. Pak. J. Agron. 3: 52-58.
  3. Crusciol, C.A.C.; Machado,J.R.; Arif, O. and Rodrigues, R.A.F. (2000). Influence of row spacing and sowing densities on upland rice cultivated under sprinkler irrigation. Cultura Agronomica 9: 133-150.
  4. Ghosh, D.C. and Singh, B.P. (1998). Crop growth modeling for wetland rice management. Environ. and Ecol. 16: 446-449.
  5. Hassan,G.; Khan, N.U. and Khan,Q.N. ( 2003). Effect of transplanting date on the yield and yield component of different rice cultivars under high temperature of Dera Ismail Khan. Sci. Kh. 16: 129-137.
  6. Srinivasulu, K.; Veeraraghavaiah, R. and Madhavi, K. (1999). Growth performance of rice hybrids under different methods and densities of planting. Crop Res. 18: 1-7.
  7. Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, J.H. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. Mc Graw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York.
  8. Thakar, D.S. and Patel, S.R. (2006). Growth and sink potential of rice as influenced by the split application of potassium with FYM in inceptisols of Eastern Central India. J. Potassium Res. 14: 73-77.
  9. Wen, H.N. and Yang, Z.G. (1991). Studies of the cultivation method with transplanting single seedling per hill in late rice. Zhejiang Nongye Kexue 6: 264-268.
  10. Zhang, Y.; Zhu, Z.; Zhao, L.; Zong, S. and Wang, C. ( 2006). Analysis of combining ability and heritability of quality and yield characters in two line hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica). J. Agric. Sci. 19: 355-359.
Global footprints


© 2015 ARCC JOURNALS. All Rights Reserved. Powered By ARCC JOURNALS